Articles of the Constitution

Megan Zhang

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How Can I Remember the Articles?

Lazy

Elephants

Jump

Suddenly

After

Scary

Roars

What Do These Words Stand For?

Article I - The Legislative Branch (LAZY)

Answers these questions:

  • How does the legislative branch create laws?
  • What powers do the states have?

What it does:

  • longest article of all 7
  • creates a bicameral legislature
  • establishes rules for the House of Representatives and the Senate
  • sets procedures for holding elections and meetings
  • establishes pay and protection for congressmen
  • limits power of Congress
  • Limits power of the states

Article II- The Executive Branch (ELEPHANTS)

Answers these questions:

  • How does the executive branch execute laws?

What it does:

  • lists the powers Congress has
  • describes the job of the executive branch
  • describes who qualifies to be president, what powers the office has, and what happens if a president misbehaves
  • explains the Electoral College
  • gives the president a list of specific duties

Article III- The Judicial Branch (JUMP)

Answers these questions:

  • How does the Judicial Branch interpret laws?

What it does:

  • creates the Judicial branch
  • creates the Supreme Court and authorizes Congress to create federal courts below the Supreme Court
  • gives directions about what kind of cases the Supreme Court and federal courts can hear
  • federal judges are appointed, not elected
  • guarantees trial by jury for criminal cases and explains the crime of treason

Article IV- States Rights (SUDDENLY)

Answers these questions:
  • How should states get along with each other?

What it does:

  • addresses power and limitations of individual states
  • says each state must honor all other states
  • says how new states can be admitted to the Union
  • says that each state is guaranteed a republican form of government, and elected officials

Article V- Amendment Process (AFTER)

Answers these questions:
  • How can the Constitution be amended, or changed?

What it does:

  • deals with the amendment process
  • says a Constitutional convention must be called by 2/3 of the states to propose an amendment
  • says the new amendment must be approved by 3/4 of the states before it is official

Article VI- Supremacy (SCARY)

Answers these questions:
  • How does the law work?
  • Which law is supreme?

What it does:

  • recognizes validity of all debts that existed under the Articles of Confederation
  • states that Constitution shall be the "law of the land" and that all judges are bound by it
  • all government officials must swear an oath to the Constitution
  • Clause 2 of the Article- "supremacy clause"

Article VII- Ratification (ROARS)

Answers these questions:
  • What steps have to be taken to make the Constitution the law of the land?

What it does:

  • states that once 9 states have ratified the Constitution, it should become law in those 9 states