Testicular Cancer

By Austin Haring Period 9

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles. The testicles are located inside the scrotum. The testicles produce sperm and they are needed in order to have a child. Testicular cancer is rare, but is the most common cancer in men aging from 15-35.

More about Testicular Cancer

Doctors don't know for sure where testicular cancer starts. However, they think it starts in the germ cells, or the cells in the testicle that produce immature sperm. Also testicular cancer is highly treatable even if it spreads. You can test for testicular cancer every month. Check after a warm bath or shower and use both hands to feel around the testicle and feel for bumps.

Risk Factors

Risk Factors are

  • Abnormal testicle development-Conditions that cause testicles to grow abnormally, such as Klinefelter's syndrome may increase risk of testicular cancer

  • An undescended testicle- testicles usually descend to the scrotum before birth. If one's testicle is still in their abdomen they have a higher chance of cancer.

  • A family history of cancer- if family members had testicular cancer.

  • Race-more common in white men than black men

  • Age- 15-35

Symptoms and Treatments

Symptoms are

  • Pain in the groin and the testicles

  • Swelling

  • Lumps in your testicle or groin area

  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

  • Back pain
Treatments are

  • Surgery

  • Radiation

  • and/or chemotherapy
  • May also leave the person infertility