Italy

Alessandro and McKenna

Summary of events leading to Italian Unification

Nationalism increased in the early nineteenth century, due to the influence of the Napoleonic era. This lead way to revolutions in 1848 and 1849; including one in 1848 in the city of Milan that ended with the defeat of the Austrians. Charles Albert of Savory then declared war against Austria, resulting in the first Italian independence war. Albert was defeated at the Battle of Custoza, after success at victory at Goito and Peschiera. In 1859 a second Italian Independence war broke out. Prime Minister, Conte de Cavour and Napoleon the III signed an alliance, provoking Austria, who then declared war. The second Italian independence war lead to the Mile expedition, lead by Guiseppe Garibaldi, its purpose was to stop the rebels in Sicily. Garibaldi conquered Sicily, thus making Sicily Italian. Garibaldi the Condemn of Napels. March 17 1861 Parliament meant and declared Italy a country under the rule of Victor Emmanuel. After the Italian unification the went on to conquer Rome in 1870 and Venice in 1886, alone with various other territories. Italy was now a unified country, growing in power and strength.

Italy before Unification:

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Mini Quiz (Were you actually paying attention?)

1. Who was Italy quarreling with?

A. Russia

B. Spain

C. France

D. Austria


2. Who was Italy's major military leader?

A. Charles Albert of Savory

B. Guiseppe Garibaldi

C. Conte de Cavou

D. Victor Emmanuel


3. How did the first war of Italian Independence end?

A. Italy beat Austria after a serious of rigorous wars.

B. Italy and Austria signed the Treaty of Venice, resulting in peace.

C. Italy was defeated at the Battle of Custoza

D. Napoleon's ghost came in at the last battle and defeated both Italy and Austria