High Atitude Adaptations

Animal and Plant Adaptations

High Altitude Climate

High Altitude areas such as Mount Kilimanjaro can be approximately 6096 meters above sea level. High Altitude can also be known as the Alpine Climate. High Altitude areas have low oxygen levels which make it hard for any life living there to survive.

At the bottom of the highlands, the temperature is approximately 26 degrees.It is nice and sunny at the bottom of the highlands. As you start to elevate up, the temperature can drop approximately 3 degrees every 30 meters you climb up. The temperature on the top of the mountains depend on how tall the mountains are. These are all the conditions that animals need to face to adapt to their environment in order to survive.

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The Yak

The Yak has lives in the Tibetan Plateau where the temperature can easily drop. The Yak has long, black fur to keep itself warm. The Yak has large lungs to transport oxygen to the heart through blood vessels. This is how they are able to breathe in any area where there are low oxygen levels. They have short thin legs which makes it difficult for them to walk on the rocky edges of the mountains.Although they walk slowly, they have a lot of energy.All of these features are structral adaptations.They also have an accurate sense of smell which makes it easy for them to find food in their environment. This is a behavioural adaptation.

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The Snow Leopard

The Snow Leopard lives in high altitude areas and cold areas. Snow Leopards have great eyesight which makes it easier for them to spot their predators. They have large paws which are surrounded by fur to protect their paws. Their hind legs are useful for jumping from rock to rock. They also ave prints on their bodies to camouflage aganist the rocks. Snow Leopards have a large chest. This helps them breathe in the High Altitude areas.These are all structral adaptations. Snow Leopards also have an accurate sense of smell. This is a behavioural adaptation.
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The Bharal

The Bharal is mostly found in the Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, China, India, Pakistan and also Bhutan. The Bharal is also known as the Blue Himalayas Sheep. They have short legs to escape from predators.They have warm fur which keeps them warm when the weather gets cold. They can also camouflage aganist rocky cliffs with their short, brown fur. This makes it easier for them to stay safe. These are structral adaptations.

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Animal Adaptations

All these animals have special features that help them survive in their environment.

The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine

The Great Basin Bristlecone Pines grows in the mountains of California, Nevada and Utah. The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine can grow straight or curved. If there is enough oxygen where the Bristlecone Pine is growing, it will grow straight. The lower the elevation, the higher the Bristlecone Pine will grow. If the Bristlecone Pine is growing near the top if the mountain, there is less oxygen so the branches will start to curve and the higher the elevation is, the shorter the Bristlecone Pine will grow. These are behavioural adaptations. This plant also has dense looking bark. This is a structral adaptation. This makes them look dead which also means that animals won't try to eat them. This plant has been living like this for over 4000 years.
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The Snow Willow

The Snow Willow is a white plant that grows in cold climates and High Altitude areas. They have small, white furs. These furs surround their bud. Although the furs are white, the bud is acutally black. The little furs absorb the heat from the sun and then traps all the heat. The black bud then absorbs all the heat. This adaptation keeps them warm. These are structral adaptations.

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Apline Flowers

Alpine Flowers are small plants that grow very slowly. They have small, yellow petals. It takes about a year to grow at least 2 years. With the harsh winds and storms on top of the mountains, it makes these small plants bend which makes them produce their seeds. Although these plants are small, they preserve a lot of energy, however, they use up most of their energy trying to survive in the harsh climates on top of the mountains.
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Plant Adaptations

All these plants have speacial features just like the animals. All these features help these plants survive in their environment.