Hammurabi's Code- Was it Just?
I don't think Hammurabi's code was just because he believed in an eye for an eye. One of the laws was if someone knocked out the eye of his equal, his eye should be knocked out, but if a man did that to another man's slave, then he should pay half the value of the slave. Therefore, the punishment is easier if the victim is less important. Also, there were some pretty harsh punishmnents. One was if a song was written about someone to ridicule them, they should be clubbed to death. Pretty mean, huh? Another one of the laws is if a son was to hit his father, his hands should be cut off.
Laws of Life and Death
There are many laws in Hammurabi's code that can determine life and death. One of them is law 229; it is, "if a builder build a house for someone, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder should be put to death." Another unfair law is that if a surgeon is operating on someone using a bronze lancet and saves them, they shall be given 10 shekels of silver, but if they end up dying, the surgeon is killed.
Laws That Would Hurt People
There are MANY laws in Hammurabi's code that would hurt people for very small reasons. For example, in law 226, it says, "If a barber, without the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold, the hands of this barber should be cut off." Also, in law 202, it says, "If anyone strike the body of a man higher in rank than he, he shall receive 60 blows of an ox-whip in public." That doesn't seem fair, does it? There are a lot more laws like this in Hammurabi's code, which just goes to show that it is VERY unfair.
So is Hammurabi's Code Just or Not?
I think Hammurabi's code is DEFINITELY not just because the laws' punishments are mainly based on how important you were, and some of the punishments were that your hands would be cut off or you would be put to death. So Hammurabi's code isn't just, in my opinion. Thanks for reading this article, and I hope you agree with me!