Turning Points Final Exam

Kristina Whitley

9/11 September 11, 2001

The Cold War ending has a lot to do with 9/11 and is a cause for it. The Soviet Union had collapsed and so when people needed help they had to come to us, if they didn't like us than they would have to fight against us in acts or terror. The US had troops in Saudi Arabia and the Muslims were unhappy about this. After the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait which made sanctions Al Qaeda saw a reason to kill and they did. Two planes were flown into the Twin Towers, one crashed in Pennsylvania and one hit the Pentagon. All of this destruction and damage cost a lot to repair. This caused America to go into a panic but because of it there are more security laws and different acts that have been passed like the Patriot Act.

Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden was the leader of Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda was the group that's responsible for the 9/11 attacks. He was from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and din't like that the US had troops over there doing things like the no fly zone.

George W. Bush

George Bush was the President of the US during 9/11. He was put into a crisis and handled it pretty well considering you can't please everyone. His ratings were high before the attacks but after they did start to slowly decline. He did change the way we react to threats now as an effect of all of this. He was also ridiculed for his actions instead of being respected.


1968 was a very important year for US history because of multiple things. The Vietnam War was going on, the counterculture was growing, the civil rights movement was going on and elections were also going on. The war in Vietnam changed us a lot because it caused so much controversy in the US. The counterculture were doing things that you didn't think about doing before like with drugs, sexual promiscuity as well as them being anti-war. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated during this year which made the Civil Rights Movement explode. The democratic convention was bombarded with a ton of protesters and elections were between Richard Nixon and Hubert Humphrey.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most important leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. He was promoting peaceful protesting like sit-ins and marches. He was also the leader of SCLC or the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He also gave his famous speech "I Have A Dream" at the March on Washington.

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon ran for President in 1968. He was running for the republican candidate and against the democratic candidate, Hubert Humphrey. He ran on a campaign that promised to restore law and order. In that time this was a big thing because there was so much going on. Before he was President he had been Senate in California and Vice President in 1952. He did end the draft later on.

Roanoke - 1586 and Jamestown May 14, 1607

Roanoke also known as the Lost Colony was founded in 1586. Roanoke was started by Sit Walter Raleigh and the first American child was born there, Virginia Dare. John White returned after getting supplies and found nothing there but the word "Croatoan" carved in a tree. There's different theories on what happened but one of the most common ones is that they moved in with the Natives. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement and it was a quick profit from gold. The high death rate was caused because of disease, malnutrition, Indian attacks, contaminated water and shortage of supplies.

John Smith

John Smith was a very important guy because he basically saved Jamestown. He told them that if they didn't work they wouldn't eat which was very true because they didn't plant any crops so what were they supposed to eat. He also made relationships with the Natives at first that helped them out. Without John Smith Jamestown could have very well ended up like Roanoke.

John White

John White was important to Roanoke because he was kind of like their leader. He is also the grandpa of the first American born child. If he wouldn't have gotten held up because of the Spanish Armada maybe he would have found the Roanoke colonists before they went missing.

Most Important Turning Point

Monday, May 14th 1607 at 5pm

Jamestown, VA, United States

Jamestown, VA

I think Jamestown was the most important event because without it none of the other events even would've happened or not the way they did. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement and so that's how/why the majority of Americans got to America. 1968 wouldn't have happened if we weren't in America and even if we had another settlement the timing would have changed and it could have changed everything else.