Ancient Sparta

How Sparta's lived their lives and interesting facts.

Sparta's Crafts.

Sparta wasn't only known for military, they were also known for the quality of the craftsmen's large or small bronze figures. When Sparta became wealthy they were able to afford objects for the god made out of ivory. This inspired Sparta to increase producing fine ivory carvings like Ivory lion. Bronze workers became the leading craftsmen in Sparta during the 6th century when ivory was getting declined. Bronze figures meant a lot in religion. They made bronze figures as offerings in a ceremony.

Sparta's Religion.

Sparta made many figures as objects to the gods. Spartans made many different figurines like a warrior, animal, winged goddess, and images of Athena. Most figurines that were made out of lead were offered to the goddess Artemis Orthia. Kids also were part of Sparta's religion. The kids wore masks during special rituals that marked them turning from their childhood to adulthood. There was two basic masks that kids could of worn. One was a mask ugly and furrowed or the other one was beautiful and perfect-looking.

Sparta's Food and Feasting.

Men ate together at mess' houses. All of the men at the mess house contributed food from their land. Most food that was contributed was black soup but wealthier people in Sparta contributed meat from hunting or some bread to go along with the soup. They also used mixing bowls to mix wine with water before they drank it. They drank from a drinking cup with a decoration with a scene of people at a feast. Musicians usually played music at feast or parties.

Sparta's Warfare.

Sparta soldiers usually used pottery mugs at military campaigns where a sturdy drinking mug/vessel was needed. Sparta was also famous for its soldiers, who had to go through tough training before they could actually fight at age twenty. Sparta soldiers were citizen soldiers called hoplites. Their name most likely comes from their shield or hoplon. All of the citizens soldiers got long spears as weapons.

Sparta Women.

Sparta women were different and freer then any other Greek women. The girls of Sparta's education usually involved lots a lot of physical exercise and Sparta girls were expected to enter and take place in different athletic contests. Sparta women would carry oil flasks that sometimes carried perfumed oils which were worn by women.

Sparta's Daily life

Sparta citizens used vases almost or just about everyday. The shape of the pots helped identity what each pot was used for. Some different examples are a cup, or a miniature two handed mug. Sparta people also had a bronze shepherd which may have represented a helot or a Perioikos. Citizens of Sparta owned the land, but helots had to handle all the agriculture on the citizens land, including rearing the sheep. Perioikos were more like Sparta citizens then slaves but they didn't have the same rights. They lived outside of Sparta village but still had to work on citizen's agriculture.

Sparta's Government.

Sparta's government is different from Athens's government because it is an oligraphy. An oligarchy is a government in which all citizens hold power. Sparta had a council of twenty eight people over sixty years old and two kings. It's different from Athens's government because Athens had a government called democracy. Democracy is a government in which all citizens hold power.