Krakatau, Indonesia

By: Justin Smith

About the Volcano

On August 27, 1883 the uninhabited island erupted in a huge explosion causing huge clouds of ash and gas to engulf the nearby islands, killing 36,000 people. The eruption caused tsunamis that were up to 120 feet tall. The effects of the volcano erupting caused that year to be 10 degrees cooler than usual. That year was known as the year without a summer. The ash and dust caused the sun to be covered for about three days. This Volcano is very active, its most recent eruption was in September 2012.
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Spectacular Explosive Eruptions at Anak Krakatau (Krakatoa) Volcano, Indonesia 1st Nov. 2010

About Volcanoes

There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the Ring of Fire. The ring of fire is located mostly all in the Pacific Ocean. There are three major types of volcanoes: Shield Volcanoes, the lava flow is slow and is really wide. Strato volcanoes, they are made up of different kinds of lava, and erupt with rocks and ash; they also grow to exponential height. Cinder Cone Volcanoes, useally smaller come from short lived eruptions that make them grow to roughly 1312 feet.