By Will Hager
The Inuit were very good at surviving in the cold.
The Inuit hunt for almost all their food. They hunt Bowhead whales, seals, walruses, fish, narwhals, caribou, polar bears, and elk. To hunt seals, the Inuit scratch ice with seal claws to attract seals. Then the Inuit would use a harpoon to stab the seal. The Inuit also have to hunt and scavenge for berries, seaweed, and roots during the summer. That is a bit about Inuit survival.
The Inuit had to find shelter in the harsh cold of the arctic and other cold regions. They were nomads, meaning the never settled in one place. The Inuit mostly used tents made of animal skins and occasionally an igloo-a house made of snow bricks and sometimes with clear lake ice for a window. (If you want to learn more about igloos, see the gallery part "this is an igloo"). The Inuit also made lanterns called kudliks inside their shelter. That is a bit about Inuit shelter.
The Inuit obviously had to make clothing. The most important article of Inuit clothing is the parka-a large coat that is normally made of caribou skin because it is light and warm. Sometimes female Inuit with babies had parkas with special hoods that can hold the baby so it doesn't get cold. The Inuit made clothes with various materials and needles made of bones. The Inuit made snow goggles to block out the harsh brightness of snow. That is a bit about Inuit clothing.
The Inuit had many different ways of transporting, based on what time of the year it is and where they are at that time. The main types of traveling are frame sleds, plank sleds umiaks, and kayaks. The Inuit nowadays also use snowmobiles.
That is a bit about Inuit transportation.
This is an igloo.
An igloo is a house made of snow. Sometimes the Inuit had to make a quick house in a snowstorm. Igloos are made by cutting blocks of snow and putting them in a circle. Then the Inuit build the snow bricks upward until the igloo has a domed roof.
This is a frame sled.
The Inuit use these sleds to travel across the arctic lands. The frame sled is also known as a dogsled which is used in the Iditarod.
This is a map of the Inuit lands.
They live in the northeastern tip of Siberia, the islands of the Bering sea, the coastal regions of mainland Alaska, and the north coast and islands of the Canadian arctic.