Inuit

By Will Hager

The Inuit were very good at surviving in the cold.

Food

The Inuit hunt for almost all their food. They hunt Bowhead whales, seals, walruses, fish, narwhals, caribou, polar bears, and elk. To hunt seals, the Inuit scratch ice with seal claws to attract seals. Then the Inuit would use a harpoon to stab the seal. The Inuit also have to hunt and scavenge for berries, seaweed, and roots during the summer. That is a bit about Inuit survival.


Shelter

The Inuit had to find shelter in the harsh cold of the arctic and other cold regions. They were nomads, meaning the never settled in one place. The Inuit mostly used tents made of animal skins and occasionally an igloo-a house made of snow bricks and sometimes with clear lake ice for a window. (If you want to learn more about igloos, see the gallery part "this is an igloo"). The Inuit also made lanterns called kudliks inside their shelter. That is a bit about Inuit shelter.


Clothing

The Inuit obviously had to make clothing. The most important article of Inuit clothing is the parka-a large coat that is normally made of caribou skin because it is light and warm. Sometimes female Inuit with babies had parkas with special hoods that can hold the baby so it doesn't get cold. The Inuit made clothes with various materials and needles made of bones. The Inuit made snow goggles to block out the harsh brightness of snow. That is a bit about Inuit clothing.


Transportation

The Inuit had many different ways of transporting, based on what time of the year it is and where they are at that time. The main types of traveling are frame sleds, plank sleds umiaks, and kayaks. The Inuit nowadays also use snowmobiles.

That is a bit about Inuit transportation.

Geography

The Inuit live in the northeastern tip of Siberia, the islands of the Bering sea, the coastal regions of mainland Alaska, the north coast and islands of the Canadian arctic, and most of the west coast and part of the east coast of Greenland. Most temperatures in cold regions rise above 32°F only 2 to 3 months of the year. The yearly snowfall in the cold regions is in between 15 inches and 90 inches. Rivers, lakes, and even oceans are frozen most of the year. That is a bit about where the Inuit live.

Religon

The Inuit believed that everything had a spirit. After something died, they believed that it would go to a different world after it died. The Inuit had prayers and ceremonies for the salmon's spirits who were swimming up rivers. One of the most important spirits was Sedna, the water spirit. The Inuit followed special rules to please Sedna and other spirits. The Inuit believed that if the did not follow these rules, they would be punished with sickness or misfortune. That is a bit about Inuit religion.

Works Cited

Tuck, James A. "Inuit." World Book Student. World Book, 2015. Web. 24 Apr. 2015.

http://tfx.grolier.com/p/node-33086/10009846 truflix.com