Canada in 2050!

What will Canada look like in 2050?


Obviously Canada will look older by age in the year 2050, but in this report, we will be looking at what is the immigration, demographic, and first nations situation now and predict what it will be like in 2050. This report will give a possible view of what Canada will look like in that year. Will brith rate increase? Will the immigration rate increase? How will all of these changes in the future affect us? All of these questions will be answered below...


What does Canada's immigration currently look like?

At the moment, one of every 5 people in Canada's population are foreign-born. Between the years 2006-2011 around 1,162,900 foreign-born people arrived in Canada. These recent immigrants made up 17.2% of the total foreign-born population and 3.5% of the total population in Canada. In 2011, the vast majority (94.8%) of Canada's foreign-born population lived in four provinces: Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec and Alberta. Among the recent immigrants, the largest share, 56.9% or about 661,600 individuals, came from Asia (Statistics Canada). According to the national household survey, Canada had been home to more than 200 ethnic origins and is continuing being a multi-cultural country.

How the immigration might look like in 2050...

In the year 2050, Canada will most-likely have a higher percentage of foreign-born population living in Canada and a lower percentage of actual Canadian born citizens. As more years pass by and the population increases, Canada will need more immigrants from different ethnic backgrounds to help support and build a better community. Many jobs for health care, and anything in the medical field will be opened because of all the baby boomers who, will by now be in a retiring age. As more job opportunities open, more people from around the world will want to come to Canada to start a new life. If the immigration rate increases, then most of the new immigrants will have to move to a more rural provinces where there is more space. In the first chart below, it shows that currently Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta are the provinces with the most population of immigrants. By 2050, these provinces will be too crowded therefore people will have to immigrate to less populated areas such as, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nunavut, and P.E.I. In the second chart below, it shows that the immigration of Canada is gradually increasing which helps prove my point that in the year 2050, Canada will have a larger amount of foreign-born people living in Canada compared to actual Canadian born citizens.


Current Demography situation?

- As of October, Canada's population will be estimated total of 35,295,770. (Statistics Canada)

- Birth rate: 10.28 births/1000 population (Index Mundi)

- Death rate: 8.2 deaths/1000 population

- Natural Increase: 2.08/1000

- Fertility rate: 1.63 births/woman

- Dependency load rate 32.3

- Age structure:

0-14 years: 15.5% (male 2,753,263/female 2,617,600)

15-24 years: 12.9% (male 2,285,268/female 2,160,005)
25-54 years: 41.4% (male 7,253,587/female 7,067,997)
55-64 years: 13.3% (male 2,285,072/female 2,329,760)
65 years and over: 16.8% (male 2,574,216/female 3,241,443)

What will Canada's demography look like in 2050?

In 2050, Canada's demography will have a dramatic change. One of the main changes that will occur is that the skilled workforce area will need young workers to fill in jobs. With all the baby boomers that are now in a retiring age, many job opportunities will open for the younger population. As all of the baby boomers are elderly now, they will require more medical attention and more health care plans. They would also want a nice and easy retired life with some standards. With all the baby boomers retiring around the same age, too many jobs will be needed to be filled in and the young population will not be enough to support all these elderly citizens and fill in the jobs. This fact will also attract immigrants that are looking for jobs and also might make Canada's government change its immigration process so that a larger amount of immigrants can come to Canada and help out. The video below gives and example of what will happen...
Canada's demographic and geographic shift

First Nations...

How are our First Nations doing right now?

Currently, there are 617 First Nation communities, which represent more than 50 nations or cultural groups and 50 Aboriginal languages. 4% of the Canada's population identifies themselves as Aboriginal People (more than one million). Of that 4%, 53% are registered Indians, 30% are Métis, 11% are Non-status Indians and 4% are Inuit. Over half (54%) of Aboriginal people live in urban areas. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada's (AANDC's) responsibilities with First Nation people and communities cover from negotiating land claim and self-government agreements to providing social services, education and economic development. AANDC's vision is supported by these activities and also helps to sustain and strengthen the partnership between the Government of Canada and First Nations people (Statistics Canada).

First Nations in 2050?

I believe that by 2050, many aboriginals will have lost there land and homes due to the changes in immigration and the demographic statistics that will occur by 2050. Since all the baby boomers will retire and require special needs, more jobs will be open and more immigrants will be coming from different parts of the world that Canada usually didn't get immigrants from. Now that the immigrants are here, they need a place to live and they need a community to be part of. Most of the baby boomers will be still living in Canada, and new immigrants will be coming too. So one of the things that the government will do is, try to get the land from the aboriginals and in the end the government will most likely succeed. Now most of the aboriginals have lost their land and instead of living in a rural area they will have to move to an urban area where they can try to have a better life. Along the way, many of the aboriginal traditions and languages will be forgotten or become completely extinct.

How will my life being different in the year 2050?

How will my life be different in the year 2050? Well for starters, I think I will have an easier life than my parents. Currently in Canada, jobs aren't that easy to find. You have to have experience and many qualifications. But if my predictions about how Canada will be like in 2050, are right, then for me and anyone around my age, jobs won't be that difficult to find. Since all the baby boomers will be grown up and elderly and in retirement, a huge chunk of the workplace's employees will be gone. That's where they will need the younger population which will be in their 20's-50's to fill in the jobs. There will be so many job opportunities open, that Canada will need even more immigrants to come and be part of our community. That also means that there will be even more cultures and religions among us that we can explore. All the traditions, celebrations, music, food, etc. will be part of the Canadian communities too. Also since there will be many residents in the retirement homes, the medical field will need to have a larger amount of employees to help our seniors and help sustain our community. In the end, I think that living in Canada in 2050 will be easier than what our parents are going through just for us to have a brighter future. so choose wisely about what you're going to do with your future.


In conclusion I think we are going to have a few problems by 2050, such as too many job openings, population distribution problems, and all the baby boomers retiring at about the same time which might cause chaos. But there is always a solution to a problem. Canada's Immigration, Demography and First Nation's situation will change and make Canada into something completely new.


1. "2011 National Household Survey: Immigration, Place of Birth, Citizenship, Ethnic Origin, Visible Minorities, Language and Religion." Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. N.p.,n.d. Web.17 Mar. 2014.

2. "Home Page — Statistics Canada." Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. N.p., n.d. Web.16 Mar. 2014.

3. "Canada Birth Rate." - Demographics. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.

4. "First Nations." Government of Canada; Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada; Communications Branch;. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.