Assassination of

Archduke Franz Ferdinand


The War To End All Wars World War I

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How the assassination happened

It was Sunday morning, June 28 1914. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were riding in a open motercade in a parade in Sarajevo, Bosnia. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was heir to the imperial throne of Austria/Hungary.

Despite warnings Ferdinand received, he went ahead with his plans. It had been dangerous since Austria just annexed Bosnia. People from Bosnia didn't appreciate being ruled by people from a different country and wanted to be free.

That morning amongst the crowd were 6 terrorists. All born and raised in Bosnia. Again they resented being ruled by a foreigner.

They were trying to strike a blow against Austria by assassinating Archduke Franz Ferdinand. They were known as the Black Hand: code name; Apis.

A small bomb was thrown towards Ferdinand's motorcade. It bounced of the hood into the street. It wounded 2 members of Ferdinand's staff which were 2 officers. Franz Ferdinand continued in the parade towards city hall. There was a formal ceremony with a speech from the mayor. Afterwards Ferdinand asked to see his 2 officers in the hospital.

They continued with the parade. His driver accidentally made a wrong turn and turned onto a rode where someone was waiting for him. It was Gavrilo Princip the head of the Black Hand. Princip saw they perfect chance to kill Ferdinand and took it. He fired 2 shots at Ferdinand's motorcade.

The driver quickly turned the vehicle around and drove. The Ferdinand's sat there as if nothing had happened. Then blood starting coming out of his mouth. He begged his wife to stay alive to raise the kids. Franz Ferdinand tried to find where he'd been shot.

Then another bullet fired. His wife had been shot. They sat there and bled to death within a few minutes.

Gavrilo Princip tried to kill himself twice and was arrested on the spot. Two of the members of Black Hand were captured.

His asasination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused the central powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and Serbia's allies to declare war on each other, starting World War I.