The Battle of Bull Run
By: Irais Rojas
This was the first and major battle in land. On July 16, 1861 the Union army marched up to the Capital of Virginia where they fought against the Confederate. The goal of the Union was to defeat the Confederate army, go to Richmond, the capital of Virginia and end the war, according to the website civilwar.org. Although the Union goal wasn't successful. The Union was in defeat, after Beaugard's victory was promoted to full general on August 31.
There where the total of 60,680 soldiers. 28,450 Union soldiers and 32,230 Confederate soldiers. From the Union side there where 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, 1,312 gone missing or captured. From the Confederate side there was 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing or captured. The Union army commander was Irvin McDowell, and the Confederate army general was P.G.T Beauregard. All these facts according to civilwar.org.
The Route of Union and Confederate Army
The Union army strike unexpectedly, in a disorganized retreat they turned into a rout. The Confederate where also disorganized. Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington D.C to strike a Confederate army of 20,000 men. They both fought along a small river called Bull Run. McDowell retreated chaotically across the Bull Run, when the Confederate army managed to break through the lines.