End of Year Standards Project

Chris Ellingsworth 3rd pd 05-9-16

Standard 3

3.1) Edmond Locard established the "principle of exchange." The relevance of this statement drastically changed the practice of gathering evidence for scientific examination and crime solving. The Frye standard pertains to admissibility of scientific examinations/experiments in legal proceedings. The Daubert ruling supersedes the Frye standard by setting forth some additional standards.

3.2) Evidence is defined as “anything which is legally submitted to a competent tribunal as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it Direct evidence is evidence that, if true, prove a fact without any inferences; examples include eyewitness observations and/or video recordings of a crime taking place. Testimonial evidence is evidence given by an eyewitness, usually under oath. Physical evidence is any object or material that is relevant in a crime.

3.3) Forensic psychology is essentially for criminal profiling When a death occurs, it may be up to the forensic pathologist to determine how and why the victim died.In cases where human remains are severely decomposed, the help of a forensic anthropologist may be necessary.

3.4) In the work lab equipment involves ppe personal protection equipment this has to do with googles gloves gowns and head wraps there are all the tools and beakers and pans and lots of blood or body parts

3.5) anything illegal can not be used as evidence forensics is used to present evidence in trials and forensics is also used for scientific research and development

Standard 4

4.1) To perform an autopsy first the body must be drained after that its taken to the lab where the dissecting begins the body is cut open and each organ is taken and examined thoroughly to determine the cause of death

4.2) PMI is the time that has elapsed since a person has died. If the time in question is not known, a number of medical/scientific techniques are used to determine it. This also can refer to the stage of decomposition of the body.

4.3) A natural death occurs as a result of aging, illness, or disease. An accidental death occurs when an injury or poisoning causes death, but it is unintentional. A suicide results from an injury or poisoning occurring from a deliberate, self-inflicted act committed to harm or cause death to oneself. A homicide occurs when death is caused by another person. undetermined is used as a classification when the information pointing toward one manner of death is no more compelling than any others.

4.4) homicide is known as many ways of death including murder assault armed robbery burguraly arson and vehicular manslaughter.

Standard 9

9.1) legal standards in the court room manly have to deal with evidence not being illegal that all facts and evidence are true and under oath and those who provide the evidence or statements are registered professionals in that area of expertise

9.2) The expert witness’ existence is created and perpetuated by the legal system. But for the Rules of Evidence, consulting and testimonial evidence would not exist. A simplified restatement of Federal rules is that a qualified expert may give his opinion to help the court understand evidence. The expert witness performs two primary functions provide scientific function and collecting, testing, and evaluating and the forensic function — communicating that opinion and its basisto the judge and jury. A general rule of evidence is that witnesses may only testify to what they have personally observed or encountered through their five senses.

9.3) Many types of evidence found in civil cases can been analyzed and interpreted in the same fashion as evidence from criminal cases. For example, a civil case involving property damage. Patent infringement cases are another form of civil litigation, and could absolutely take advantage of various forensic methodologies, including forensic paint, tape, and other various materials analyses methods.

9.4) The expression junk science is used to describe scientific data, research, or analysis considered by the person. The concept is often invoked in political and legal contexts where facts and scientific results have a great amount of weight in making a determination. It usually conveys the research has been untowardly driven by political, ideological, financial, or otherwise unscientific motives.

9.5) The CSI is any of several ways in which the exaggerated portrayal of forensic science. The term most often refers to the belief that jurors have come to demand more forensic evidence in criminal trials, thereby raising the effective standard of proof for prosecutors. As technology improves and becomes more prevalent throughout society, people may also develop higher expectations for the capabilities of forensic technology.