Decisions of the Supreme Court

Grace A. Meyer

Gibbons VS. Ogden

In 1824, a landmark decision was made by the Supreme Court, regarding the power to regulate interstate commerce in the USA. It was granted to congress (by the Commerce Clause of US Constitution) encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
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REGULATION

The government tried to regulate steamboats, which clashed between state laws and federal laws. The Supreme Court ruling dealt a big blow to steamboat monopolies, which resulted in many steamboat users becoming free from the super strict state regulations.
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CONTROL

This political cartoon is saying that the US government will approve what New York wants, but it can't get in the way of their rules. So basically, the states don't have much say in what they want.
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IMPORTANCE

This monopoly benefited everyone. Steamboats in the 1800's were extremely important, due to their profits. So this monopoly was not only beneficial, but important because steamboat traffic (which had carried people and goods) was very profitable, resulting in a better economy.
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POWER

The court had broadened the definition of interstate commerce, resulting in more federal power. The picture above shows the federal government overpowering the states.

Wickard VS Filburn

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RULES

The federal law regulates wheat production. Filburn used the excess wheat to feed his livestock and poultry, not being sold.
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JOBLESS

The reason the government regulated wheat was because of the Great Depression, which limited the amount of wheat farmers could grow. Filburn decided to feed the extra to his animals.
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STRICT

Filburn told the government that he strictly wanted to use the excess wheat for personal consumption and to feed his livestock & poultry. He was not intending to sell it
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PLAY BY THE RULES

On this case, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of congress, against Filburn. The Supreme Court stated that congress can regulate intrastate activity, which would affect interstate commerce.

Hammer VS Dagenhart

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CHILDREN

This involved the supreme court and the rules of child labor.
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JOIN

People joined a committee, standing up for children. Children were undernourished and treated unfairly. They could have had an education and a life, but they were forced to work crazy hours.
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PROTEST

Children, teens, young adults, and adults fought for the rights of children. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the children, resulting in the make of new laws.
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CARTOON

A political cartoon, showing that adults still went against the Supreme Court and had kids still work crazy hours.