Decisions of the Supreme Court
Grace A. Meyer
Gibbons VS. Ogden
In 1824, a landmark decision was made by the Supreme Court, regarding the power to regulate interstate commerce in the USA. It was granted to congress (by the Commerce Clause of US Constitution) encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
The government tried to regulate steamboats, which clashed between state laws and federal laws. The Supreme Court ruling dealt a big blow to steamboat monopolies, which resulted in many steamboat users becoming free from the super strict state regulations.
This political cartoon is saying that the US government will approve what New York wants, but it can't get in the way of their rules. So basically, the states don't have much say in what they want.
This monopoly benefited everyone. Steamboats in the 1800's were extremely important, due to their profits. So this monopoly was not only beneficial, but important because steamboat traffic (which had carried people and goods) was very profitable, resulting in a better economy.
The court had broadened the definition of interstate commerce, resulting in more federal power. The picture above shows the federal government overpowering the states.
Wickard VS Filburn
The federal law regulates wheat production. Filburn used the excess wheat to feed his livestock and poultry, not being sold.
The reason the government regulated wheat was because of the Great Depression, which limited the amount of wheat farmers could grow. Filburn decided to feed the extra to his animals.
Filburn told the government that he strictly wanted to use the excess wheat for personal consumption and to feed his livestock & poultry. He was not intending to sell it
PLAY BY THE RULES
On this case, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of congress, against Filburn. The Supreme Court stated that congress can regulate intrastate activity, which would affect interstate commerce.
Hammer VS Dagenhart
This involved the supreme court and the rules of child labor.
People joined a committee, standing up for children. Children were undernourished and treated unfairly. They could have had an education and a life, but they were forced to work crazy hours.
Children, teens, young adults, and adults fought for the rights of children. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the children, resulting in the make of new laws.
A political cartoon, showing that adults still went against the Supreme Court and had kids still work crazy hours.