Hitler's Rise to Power

Tegan Boyer- 1st Period

Introduction:

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau am inn, Austria, and died on April 30, 1945, in Berlin Germany. It took a lot of work to get where he was when he died. He had become leader of the Nazi Party, ran many campaigns, some good and some not, wrote a book, and became Chancellor of Germany. He did many great things, and many horrible and unthinkable things. He was worshiped by some, and despised by others. He took part in more than one World War, and he managed to do this all in 56 years. A lot of the things that happened in the world might not have happened if he hadn't have done what he did. The world might not be where we are today.

Rise to Power

When the Great Depression struck in 1929, Hitler saw that it was a perfect time to get into politics. He ran against President Paul von Hindenburg in 1932, with Hitler getting less than 50% of the votes. Hindenburg made Hitler his Chancellor, just to improve his own political gain. As Chancellor, Hitler passed the Enabling Act. The Enabling Act gave his cabinet full legislative powers for 4 years, and allowed them to alter the Constitution. Towards the end of June, Hitler's party was announced the only legal political party left in Germany. Most of the other parties felt intimidated and left or dropped out. Many of Hitler's political enemies and leaders of the SA (Sturmabteilung- "Assault Division") were rounded up and shot on the Night of the Long Knives. In August 1934, the cabinet made a law that morphed the powers of President and the Chancellor. Hitler was now the head of state and was named leader. The next day, Hindenburg died. As the leader of Germany, Hitler inherited the power to command the armed forces. Germany decided that they weren't going to be a part of the League of Nations, now the United Nations, and Hitler announced an expansion in the forces.


Hitler made an anti-smoking campaign that spread around the country. He insisted that all Germans should not have anything that could be intoxicating or unclean. Most of this came from his own diet. Hitler never smoked, drank alcohol or ate meat. Nazis were all about racial hygiene as well. New laws were put in place that said it was illegal for a Jewish and non-Jewish person to get married. Hitler also went after children and adults with disabilities, both physical and mental. There was later a program that killed disabled adults. During the years 1939-1945, Nazis killed around 14 million people, 6 million being Jewish people. Jews were 2/3 of the country's population. Nazis also killed Poles, communists, and homosexuals. Hitler never once visited a concentration camp.


In 1938, Hitler was named Time Magazines "Man of the Year" for signing the Munich agreement. This agreement reversed part of the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles ended the war between Nazi Germany and the Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, Soviet Union,US, and China). He did not obey the agreement. Germany invaded Poland on September 1. Britain and France were now in war against Germany. Hitler also invaded Scandinavia and France. He also invaded Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Belgium. Hitler bombed the UK and became allies with Japan and Italy. They became known as the Axis Powers.


When Hitler bombed Pearl Harbor, he started a nasty war with the worlds biggest empire and the worlds greatest financial power, and the worlds largest army. The UK, US, and the Soviet Union. The German army started to fall apart around 1942. Everything went downhill from there. Hitler's health was starting to drop, and so was the money used to support the army. Many people decided that they were going to lose, but Hitler denied them. His denial ended up destroying the country.


Hitler finally came to his senses when he heard that an Italian dictator had been assassinated. From fear of being captured by the enemy, Hitler married Eva Braun, his girlfriend, and they committed suicide together. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered and the war was over.

Mini BIO - Adolf Hitler
The video above is a short film of Adolf Hitler's rise to power. It shows a lot about how Hitler contributed to the War and how he was viewed in politics.

Facts

  • Hitler annexed Austria into Germany without firing a single shot
  • He led the first non-smoking campaign in 1928
  • Hitler made laws against animal cruelty. (He was a vegetarian)
  • In 1939, Hitler was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize
  • He was named "Man of the Year" by Time Magazine in 1938
  • Hitler practiced giving speeches, by giving speeches in the mirror and taking pictures of himself giving speeches.


Sources:


"Hitler Facts: 28 Facts about Hitler ←FACTSlides→." Hitler Facts: 28 Facts about Hitler ←FACTSlides→. 2015. Web. 01 Feb. 2016. <http://www.factslides.com/s-Hitler>.


Donahue, Anne T. "10 Things You Didn't Know About Hitler." History.co.uk. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. <http://www.history.co.uk/shows/the-world-wars/articles/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-hitler>.


Rosenberg, Jennifer. "34 Facts About Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler."About.com Education. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/hitleradolf/a/Hitler-Facts.htm>.

In Conclusion

Hitler will always be remembered as "the guy that tried to take over the world". He attempted so many times, and never really succeeded. He did so many things in his life time. Mainly bad things, but there were a few good things. But no matter how many of those good things you can list, he will always be remembered for those few horrible things he did.

For Further Information:

http://www.ducksters.com/biography/adolf_hitler.php

- This website talks about his early life and contribution to WW I. It also talks about his rise to power, contributions to WW II, and the Holocaust.


http://www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/dmeier/Holocaust/hitler.html

- This website gives information on about Hitler's rise to power and how the people of Germany felt about what he was doing. It also gives information about his political reviews

Sources:

Picture:

Rise to Power of Adolf Hitler- (cont.). Digital image. Web. 21 Jan. 2016

<http://www.pacificwar.org.au/historicalbackground/Rise_Adolf_Hitler2.html>.


Information:

"Adolf Hitler- Mini Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144/videos/adolf-hitler-mini-biography-2232485039>.


Video:

Biography.com Editors. Youtube. 26 Oct. 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rZ4xwuAWFE>.