Kingdoms of Africa
By: Jordan Nugent
The Kingdom of Ghana
Government- The kings of Ghana were strong rulers who governed without any laws. They relied on an army of thousands of men to protect their kingdom and enforce their wishes.
Economy- Most people of Ghana were farmers. Ghana had an abundant supply of iron ore and gold. Ghana's gold made it to the center of a trade empire.
Collapse- The Kingdom of Ghana was weakened by many wars and it collapsed during the 1100s.
The Kingdom of Mali
Government- Sundiata defeated the Ghanians and captured their capital. He then united the people of Mali and created a strong government.
Economy- Mali built it's wealth and power on the gold and salt trade, but most of the people were farmers.
Collapse- By 1359, the civil war had divided Mali.
The Kingdom of Songhai
Government- In 1464, Sunni Ali created a new dynasty called the Sunni, and under his leadership, Songhai began to expand.
Economy- The empire prospered because of the salt and gold trade.
Collapse- After the reign of Muhammad Ture, Songhai began to decline. Near the end of the sixteenth century, the forces of the sultan of Morocco occupied much of Songhai.