Columbia Watershed

LaBella, McCauley, LaBruno, Velardi

What Is a Watershed?

A watershed is an area of land that assists draining from different bodies of water into one single body of water.

Facts About the Columbia River

  • largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.

  • The river starts in the Rocky Mountains of British Columbia, Canada. It then flows to the state of Washington before going into Oregon. It then empties into the Pacific Ocean.

  • The river is 1,243 miles long.

  • Fourth largest river in the United States

Impact of the Columbia Watershed.

Riparian Zones: Wet soil next to a source of water, abundant in plant life

Elk, deer, bear, sheep, and mountain lions are examples of animals that feed in these relatively lush riparian zones

Riverside Vegetation is very important for the ecosystem of a Watershed.

The watershed contains many tributaries, which are important for fish and plants especially.

Wetlands are in the Columbia Watershed.

The Watershed contains an estuary, which is where freshwater meets saltwater, which caters to very specific wildlife.

Dams in the Rivers

There are lots of dams in the Columbia Watershed. Whether it is in the Columbia River or its tributaries, there are plenty of dams that serve different purposes. There are Dams that are used for flood protection, there are dams for water storage, and there are dams for hydroelectric power. The issue with all of the dams is that they are affecting certain fish populations and depleting their populations.