Burkina Faso

By: Brittany Kirby

Capital: Ouagadougou

The Burkina Faso flag was officially adopted on August 4, 1984.

The red symbolizes the recent revolution, the green the abundance of natural riches and the yellow star the guiding light of that revolution.

National Anthem of Burkina Faso

The History Behind the Name

From the arrival of Europeans, Burkina was ruled by the Mossi. The Mossi were powerful kingdoms of tribes throughout Burkina. The French were the first of the Europeans to arrive and they laid claim to the land in 1896. However, the Mossi fought back. The French took control in 1901, but used the Mossi leaders to control the area. On August 5, 1960 Burkina Faso became an independent country. Their first president was Maurice Yameogo. The country struggles with high population density and limited natural resources.

The national anthem of Burkina Faso, Was written by the former president Thomas Sankara and adopted in 1984, when the country adopted its present name. This Anthem was written because it praises the history, traditions, and struggles of Ouagadougou's people.

What Does this Nation Represent?

Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation in West Africa it's surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the south west. Settlements appeared between 3600 and 2600 BC with farmers. Burkina Faso was a very important economic region for the Songhai Empire during the 15th and 16th centuries. From colony to independence In 1896, the Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou became a French protectorate after being defeated by French forces. This Country is known for its Economy, Education, and their Culture.

Does the Anthem Fit right With Its People?

The name Burkina Faso means "the land of upright people". This names fits this nation given that the people have struggled over time, but as time got tough they found a way to get on their feet and become strong. This is what it portrays in the anthem, In line 6-7 in the first stanza it states. "But the frustrations, the successes, the sweat, the blood Have fortified our courageous people and fertilized its heroic struggle." this shows during their rugged time they still gave in to keep their country firmly packed as one.