By: Brittany Kirby
The History Behind the Name
From the arrival of Europeans, Burkina was ruled by the Mossi. The Mossi were powerful kingdoms of tribes throughout Burkina. The French were the first of the Europeans to arrive and they laid claim to the land in 1896. However, the Mossi fought back. The French took control in 1901, but used the Mossi leaders to control the area. On August 5, 1960 Burkina Faso became an independent country. Their first president was Maurice Yameogo. The country struggles with high population density and limited natural resources.
The national anthem of Burkina Faso, Was written by the former president Thomas Sankara and adopted in 1984, when the country adopted its present name. This Anthem was written because it praises the history, traditions, and struggles of Ouagadougou's people.
What Does this Nation Represent?
The thing Burkina Faso is most famous for is its music and drumming culture. The country hosts the International Arts and Crafts Fair, Ouagadougou, better known by its French name as SIAO, Le Salon International de L'Artisanat de Ouagadougou, one of the most important African handicraft fairs in the world.
One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has a high population density, few natural resources, and a fragile soil. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations, most specifically in its mineral exploitation of copper, iron, manganese, and, above all, gold.
Education in Burkina Faso is structured primary, secondary, and higher education. Education is technically free and officially mandatory until the age of 16, however few Burkinabè have had formal education. Though schooling is free, attendance is not enforced, and only about 35% of Burkina's primary school-age children receive a basic education.