My Smore Flyer
1. What is sustainable living? How could someone achieve sustainable living? Do you personally think you can achieve sustainable living?
2. Fossil Fuels vs Renewable Energy - Compare and contrast the two forms of energy. Look at the cost financially to humans and environmentally to the Earth. Convince someone to conserve energy.
3. Recycle - What does it mean to recycle? Why should someone recycle? How long does it take for these to decompose?
It takes a:
a. tin can 50 years to decompose.
b. glass bottle 1,000,000 years to decompose.
c. disposable diaper 500-800 years to decompose.
d. wood 1-3 years to decompose.
e. paper 2-4 weeks to decompose.
f. plastic grocery bag 500-1,000 years to decompose.
g. styrofoam cup 50 years to decompose.
h. aluminum can 200 years to decompose.
i. cotton t-shirt 1-12 years to decompose.
j. apple core 2 months to decompose.
k. I was surprised by how long the glass bottle takes to decompose.
4. What is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? What can we do here in Iowa to help decrease it, is it even possible?
5. Define two biomes of the the world, define an ecosystem found in each and explain the biotic and abiotic factors involved.
- Ecosystem: Plains - biotic factors include polar bears, musk oxen, and caribou - abiotic factors include an average minus 54 degrees, little sunlight, and little precipitation
2. Rainforest - Tropical rain forests are found in Asia, Africa, South America, Central America, and on many of the Pacific Islands. They are often found along the equator.
- Ecosystem: River - biotic factors include bamboo trees, sloths, anteaters, and poison dart frogs - abiotic factors include soil, water, rocks, light, and climate.
6. Choose any biome; create a food chain defining the primary producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, quaternary consumer, herbivore, omnivore, carnivore, scavenger, and decomposer.
7. What are Dead Zones in the Gulf of Mexico? What causes this situation? What can be done to help stop them?
8. Define Keystone Species, give 2 examples; one a top predator and one not a top predator. Explain how their absence would affect the ecosystem.
9. Competitive Exclusion - define it and give 2 examples.
10. Define the following terms and give 2 examples of each.
b. Parasites are organisms that live in or on another organism and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense. One example is a tapeworm and another is fleas.
c. Mimicry is the action or art of imitating someone or something, typically in order to entertain or ridicule. One example is a Fork-Tailed Drongo who mimics the sound of meerkats to steal their food. Another example is a Robber Fly that mimics large bumblebees to warn off potential predators.
d. Mutualism is when two organisms of different species work together each benefiting from the relationship. One example is an oxpecker and a rhinoceros. Another example is digestive bacteria and humans.
e. Commensalism is an association between two organisms in which one benefits and the other derives neither benefit nor harm. One example is anemone fishes that live in anemones to protect the from predators which poisons predators. Another example is the Atlantic Puffin which use burrows for nesting that were made by rabbits.