Period 2 (1607-1754)

Elam McElrath

Headright System

-created in Jamestown in 1618

-used to attract settlers and fix labor shortage

-tobacco farming

-immigrants who paid for their passage were given 50 acres of land or 50 acres were given to plantation owners who bought someones passage

Mercantilism

-export more than import

-England practiced it during the 16th, 17th, and 18th century, --> America

-allowed country to gain wealth

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Salem Witch Trials

-Massachusetts 1692 & 1693

-exemplified religious extremism and government invasion of personal rights

-politically motivated

-20 executions, mostly lynchings of women

-precedent to other episodes of mass hysteria in America such as the Red Scare

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"Starving Time"

-winter 1609-1610, Jamestown

-40 years life expectancy, high mortality rate due to starvation and starvation-related disease

-men refused to work, assumed Natives would feed them

-60 of 214 colonists survived

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Triangular Trade

-trade between 3 regions

-rum and goods from New England to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Indies, sugar from the Indies to NE

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APUSH Review: Period 2 (1607 - 1754) In 10 Minutes!

Themes

-MIG-1: During the 17th and 18th century, many Europeans migrated from Europe to America and settled there.

-WXT-1: Economic theories such as mercantilism played a large role during Period 2 and helped establish a strong economy for the future colonies.