Carbohydrates

By Katie Bennett and Megan Arimanda

Name of Monomer- Monosaccharides

Name of Polymer- Polysaccharides

Examples of Carbohydrates

Examples include glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, chitin, and cellulose.


Functional Groups Found in Carbohydrates

These groups include hydroxyl and carbonyl.


Common Functions of Carbohydrates

Some of these functions are providing energy, regulating blood glucose, sparing the use of proteins for energy, breaking down fatty acids, preventing ketosis, biological recognition processes, flavor and sweeteners, and providing dietary fiber.


How its Structure Allows for its Function

The structure allows the carbohydrate (sugar) to easily "dissolve" in water through hydrolysis. It can be digested by bodies since it stores energy.


Bibliography

"Carbohydrates." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.sparknotes.com/health/carbohydrates/section2.rhtml>.


Helmenstine, Anne Marie. "Carbohydrates." About.com Chemistry. About.com, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://chemistry.about.com/od/biochemistry/a/carbohydrates.htm>.