Cornwall

History

Cornwall history begins with the pre-Roman, inhabitants as speakers of a Celtic language that would become Brythonic and Cornish. Cornwall was part of the territory of the tribe of the Dumnonii including today Devon and parts of Somerset. After a period of Roman rule, Cornwall again ruled by Romano-British princes independent and continue to have a close relationship with Britain and Wales and southern Ireland, which neighboured in the Celtic Sea. After the collapse of Dumnonia, the remaining territory of Cornwall came into conflict with neighboring Wessex.


At the time of the Norman Conquest, Cornwall had come under the control of the Kingdom of England. In 1337, the title of Duke of Cornwall was created by the English monarchy, the eldest son and heir of King will be held. Cornwall, along with the neighboring county of Devon, institutions kept tin mine that gave some local control over its most important tin product, but in the time of Henry VIII most vestiges of autonomy of Cornwall had retired as England became increasingly centralized under the Tudor state. Conflicts with the center carried out with the Cornish Rebellion 1497 and the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549 - In the 18th century, Cornwall was incorporated into the Kingdom of Great Britain with the rest of England and the Cornish language had into decline. The industrial revolution brought great change in Cornwall, as well as the adoption of Methodism among the general population, making the Maverick zone. Decline of mining in Cornwall caused a massive emigration abroad and diaspora of Cornwall, as well as the beginning of the Celtic renaissance resulting in the early Cornish nationalism in the 20th century.


The early medieval history of Cornwall, in particular, Welsh and Breton Cornish early references to a "king" named Arthur, legendary works have appeared in Geoffrey of Monmouth as Regum History Britanniae, before the later Arthurian legend.

Important places

Mousehole

Walking through this sleepy village Mousehole makes me think that this isolated time. Not the siesta nap sleep nor in this country, but everything seems closed or just closed, but awkward!

Clearly, this town-port is seriously a fishing village. They moored boats with huge nets also asleep resting on an afternoon and there is not much to do . The harbor is beautiful and shows an oxide of sea and storm really pays homage to the fame of brave and courageous sailor sea county Cornwall.


Tintagel

Tintagel is a small village of 700 inhabitants located on the side of the county of Cornwall, in the far south of England. This picturesque place is associated with the legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In fact, it would be in this small town that the legendary king would be required and grew up with Merlin the Magician. The ancient medieval fortifications located on the side near the ruins of Tintagel also considered as Arthur Castle. Myhtologie find this in the stories of the writer Geoffrey of Monmouth, including his "History Regum Britanniae" written in 1138. The village of Tintagel used the notoriety to become a tourist attraction welcoming pubs and shops, including the legend. The city also has several worth seeing as the former post office in the fourteenth century or in the Catholic church of the twelfth century historic buildings.

Music

Cornwall has a rich and vibrant tradition of folk music that has survived to the present.


Cornish players are regular participants in inter-Celtic festivals, and Cornwall itself has several lively festivals and inter-Celtic festival of Perranporth, Lowender Peran.


Cornish Celtic music is a phenomenon relatively large given the size of the region. A recent count found more than 100 bands playing most or all the popular music of Cornwall. Traditional dance is associated with music. These events are either dance or Nozow looan Troyls ,.


Aphex Twin is an electronic music project based in Cornish, although born of Welsh parents in Ireland. Many other pop musicians are based in Cornwall, but many of them from other countries.


Lanner and District Silver Band is a brass band based Cornish Lanner, Cornwall, UK, and are well known for their concerts. There are many other bands of bronze and silver in Cornwall, particularly in the old mining areas: St Dennis is a notable example.

Geography

Cornwall forms the tip of the peninsula south-west of the island of Great Britain, and therefore is exposed to the full force of the winds blowing from the Atlantic Ocean. The coastline consists mainly of resistant rocks leading in many places to dramatic cliffs. Cornwall has a border with a single province, Devon.

Coastal areas
The north and south coast have different characteristics. The north coast in the Celtic Sea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, is more exposed and therefore has a wilder nature. Prosaically called the High Cliff, between Boscastle and St Gennys, is the highest cliff in Cornwall-drop 223 meters. However, there are also many large expanses of fine golden sand beaches that are so important to the tourist industry, such as Bude, Polzeath, Watergate Bay, Perranporth, Porthtowan, Fistral Beach, Newquay, St Agnes, St Ives and on the south shore of Gyllyngvase beach in Falmouth. There are two river estuaries on the north coast: Hayle Estuary and the River Camel estuary, which provides Padstow and Rock with a safe harbor.

The south coast, called the "Cornish Riviera", is more protected and there are several broad estuaries that provide insurance, as in Falmouth and Fowey anchors. The beaches of the south coast usually consist of coarser sand and shingle, interspersed with rocky sections of the wave-cut platform. Also on the south coast, the picturesque fishing village of Polperro, at the mouth of the River Pol, and the fishing port of Looe in Looe river are popular with tourists.

Inland areas
The interior of the province consists of a backbone roughly from east to west of infertile and exposed upland, with a series of granite intrusions, and Bodmin Moor, which contains the highest land in Cornwall. From east to west, and approximately descent altitude, it's Bodmin Moor, the area north of St Austell, the area south of Camborne and Penwith Peninsula or Land's End. These intrusions are the central part of the granite outcrops that form the exposed parts of the Cornubian batholith of southwestern Britain, which also includes Dartmoor, East Devon and the Isles of Scilly, to the west, the latter is already partially submerged.

The intrusion of granite in sedimentary rocks surrounding led to extensive metamorphism and mineralization, and this led to Cornwall is one of the most important mining areas in Europe until the 20th century tin is believed was mined here since the Bronze Age copper, lead, zinc and silver, everything has been mined in Cornwall. Alteration of granite also led to extensive deposits of china clay, especially in the area north of St Austell, and extracting it remains an important industry.

The highlands are surrounded by most fertile farmland, mainly pastoral. Near the south coast, covered with deep forests protected valleys offer for flora and shade and a humid temperate climate work. These areas are mainly in the Devonian sandstone and slate. Northeast Cornwall is known as the Culm in coal measures rocks. In these places they have been severe bending, as seen on the north coast near Crackington Haven and in several other places.

Lizard Peninsula
The geology of the Lizard Peninsula is unusual in that it is only the example of the rest of Britain of an ophiolite, a section of oceanic crust that is now on the ground.Much of the peninsula is dark green and red Precambrian serpentine, forming spectacular cliffs, especially in Kynance Cove and ornaments carved and polished serpentine sold in local gift shops. This ultramafic rock is also very fertile soil that covers the flat and marshy heaths of the interior of the peninsula. This is home to rare plants such as the Cornish Heath, which has been adopted as the county

Sport


Sport in Cornwall includes two sports not found elsewhere in the world, except in areas influenced by Cornish Culture the Cornish forms of wrestling and hurling. The sports otherwise most closely associated with Cornwall are rugby football and surfing.


Cornwall may not have the same climate as Hawaii, but they do have a lot of surfing and many surfers dedicated to surfing beaches around the peninsula. Surf is regarded as a lifestyle sport where the perception of surfers riding the waves in clear water and hot sun are very real. Relax in an environment where you can spend the day on the beach, surrounded by family and friends, what could be better.


To become a surfer domain it may take many years; however, a lot of enjoyment can be had for people of all ages and abilities correct your first lesson. Security environment is very important surf the ocean needs to be understood and respected at all times due to its power. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you never sail alone and always surf in designated areas supervised by lifeguards when you are starting is recommended.

Cinema

One of the first records of presentations of movies was at Druids Hall in Redruth. In 1904, the Imperial Radioscope Company visited the hall with their animated pictures. In 1910 Druids Hall was converted into the Jenkin's Picturedrome and operated by Mr William Henry Jenkin. Excited audiences filled the hall and marvelled as moving images of Pearl White, Rudolph Valentino and later Charlie Chaplin flickered across the screen. The cinema had its own orchestra, which started in 1918. Parts of the building (which was converted to a bingo hall in 1954, and burnt down in 1984) still stand today in Penryn Street, and the interior of the ruins now house St Rumon's Gardens. A rival cinema, officially called the Electric Picture Palace but known locally as The Egg Pit (so called because the owner supplied eggs for the London market) set up in nearby Foundry Row in the late 1900s. This cinema closed in the late 1920s.


In nearby Camborne, Mr Burrow, a local photographer put on the very first public Bioscope show, with a nightly open air presentation in the Market Square in 1909.


In 1910, the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society in Falmouth started showing films in the Arts Centre. Films are still shown at this site, as Falmouth does not currently have a stand-alone cinema of its own.


Currently, Cornwall has cinemas in the following towns: Falmouth, Penzance, St Ives, Helston, Redruth (see image), Truro, Wadebridge, Padstow, and just outside Bude. The cinema in St Austell was closed and demolished in 2007, as part of the town's re-development. A new cinema has now opened there. This means that important places like Saltash and Liskeard currently have no cinemas. All of these places have previously had at least one cinema, and all have had several unsuccessful attempts to rebuild cinemas in these towns in recent years. None of the cinemas in Cornwall are owned by the big chains (like Vue). With the exception of the Rebel cinema near Bude, they are either operated by Merlin Cinemas or WTW cinemas, both local business concerns. Even the village of Delabole once had a cinema.

Literature

Cornish literature refers to written works in the Cornish languaje. The earliest surviving texts are in verse and date from the 14th century. There are virtually none from the 18th and 19th centuries but writing in revived forms of Cornish began in the early 20th century.

The earliest surviving examples of Cornish prose are the Tregear Homilies, a series of 12 Catholic sermons written in English and translated by John Tregear around 1555-1557, to which a thirteenth homily The Sacrament of the Alter was added by another hand. Twelve of Edmund Bonner's Homelies to be read within his diocese of London of all Parsons, vycars and curates; nine of these were by John Harpsfield) were translated into Cornish by John Tregear, and are now the largest single work of traditional Cornish prose.


Nicholas Boson (1624−1708) wrote three significant texts in Cornish, Nebbaz gerriau dro tho Carnoack (A Few Words about Cornish) between 1675 and 1708; Jowan Chy-an-Horth, py, An try foynt a skyans (John of Chyannor, or, The three points of wisdom), published by Edward Lhuyd in 1707, though written earlier; and The Dutchess of Cornwall's Progress, partly in English, now known only in fragments. The first two are the only known surviving Cornish prose texts from the 17th century. Boson's work is collected, along with that of his son John Boson and his cousin Thomas Boson (1635–1719) in Oliver Padel's The Cornish writings of the Boson family (1975).


Peter Berresford

Ellis (born March 10, 1943 in Coventry, England) is a historian, writer of literary biographies and novelist who has, to date, he published more than 80 books under his own name and under the pseudonym Peter Tremayne. Expert on the history and Celtic culture, is best known in Cornwall as the author of The Cornish Language and Its Literature (The Language of Cornwall and Literature), 1974, a work that is still considered the definitive history of the language and it was designated as a mandatory text for the Cornish Language Board examinations