Clara Barton

And the Angels of the Battlefield

Chelsea Duke

Information about Clara Barton

  • In Barton's early life, she opened a school in New Jersey but her job was replaced with a man so she moved to Washington, D.C. and became the first woman to hold a government position.
  • She was particularly welcome in The Battle of Antietam and brought three wagons of supplies with her.
  • Most of these supplies were purchased with donations given to Barton or from her own funds.
  • At age 60, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and led it for the next 23 years.
  • She knew that she was needed most on the battlefields where the suffering was greatest and not behind the lines. So she begged the leaders of the government until they let her take her medical supplies onto the battlefield.
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This was a type of propaganda used to get women to volunteer to help Clara Barton keep the American Red Cross going.

Information About the Angels of the Battlefield

  • Approximately 2 thousand women, North and South, volunteered as nurses in military hospitals during the American Civil War.
  • Dorothea Dix was one of the leaders of a national effort to organize a working corp for the sick and wounded.
  • In military hospitals, one nurse was assigned to every 10 men.
  • These women were also in charge of locating missing Union soldiers and letting families know the fate of their loved ones.
  • when diseases broke out and most doctors refused to help, these women continued to sacrifice their lives to help these soldiers.
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Propaganda to get women to join the American Red Cross.