Age of Revolution, Industry, Empire
1. Opium War
The Opium War was caused by the Chinese and British trading centers going awry, the illegal substance they were once trading (Opium) being banned by the Chinese, and the British-Chinese trading agreements changing because of this. The Treaty of Nanjing made it so areas like Korea, Vietnam, and Burma were no longer under Chinese rule, and the Brits now had the control of Hong Kong and other Chinese port cities.
2. Reform Movements of the Qing Dynasty
The late Qing reform approach included political change, limiting central power, and new economic policies. Instead of helping the dynasty to become better, these reform movements only further worsened the state of the dynasty. The reform movements brought forth some of the weaknesses and bad parts of the once storm dynasty.
3. Decline of Tokugawa, Japan
During the 19th century, the Tokugawa society was in turmoil. They had a decline in agriculture, productivity, periodic crop failures and famines and taxation that contributed to the economy's downfall. A few cultivators prospered during this time but many had to sell their land and become tenant farmers. Tokugawa had to face the pressure of the insistence on the establishment of diplomatic and commercial relations by foreign lands. In 1844, Britain, France and the U.S. Sent ships out to Tokugawa to establish relations.
4. Meiji Restoration
This restoration was made by Emperor Meiji, they vigorously responded to their opponents by forcibly retiring dissident daimyo and executing. The Meiji Restoration returned authority to the Japanese emperor and brought an end to the series of military governments that had dominated Japan. It marked the birth of a new Japan, determined to gain parity with foreign powers, a conservative coalition of daimyo, imperial princes, court nobles, and samurai formed a new government as well.