Leonardo da Vinci

15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting,sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing,history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of paleontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachute, helicopter andtank,[1][2][3] his genius epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.

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Leonardo was, and is, renowned primarily as a painter. Among his works, the Mona Lisa is the most famous and most parodied portrait[6] and The Last Supper the most reproduced religious painting of all time, with their fame approached only by Michelangelo's The Creation of Adam.[4] Leonardo's drawing of the Vitruvian Man is also regarded as a cultural icon,[7]being reproduced on items as varied as the euro coin, textbooks, and T-shirts. Perhaps fifteen of his paintings have survived.[nb 1] Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, compose a contribution to later generations of artists rivalled only by that of his contemporary, Michelangelo.