The Liberation of Auschwitz
U.S Liberation of the Camps
Although the US did not liberate Auschwitz, they did liberate Dachau and Buchenwald (79). Dachau was liberated on April 29, 1945(80). As the troops neared closer to the camp, they found about 30 railroad card filled with dead bodies (81). Two days before the liberation, the Germans sent the Dachau prisoners out on a death march(82). The next day, the Germans left the camp with 30,000 surviving prisoners still in there(83). Not all the guards had left though(84). The US troops had a quick battle before they were able to take over Dachau(85). Records show that the main camp held 160,000 prisoners through the years that it was opened and its sub camps held about 90,000 prisoners(86).
On April 11, 1945, The US Forces Liberated the Main Camp of Buchenwald and its subcamps(87). In anticipation of being free, the prisoners seized the camp(88). There they discovered 21,000 prisoners that were still still alive(89). They discovered that the camp had no gas chambers yet many people died from hunger and harsh conditions(90). On the day of the liberation, there was an under ground organization that took control of the camp to prevent atrocities by the camp guards that were fleeing(91). In all, the SS murdered 56,000 people(92). 11,000 of them were Jewish(93).