The Liberation of Auschwitz



On January 27, 1945, the Soviet Union was the first country to discover and liberate Auschwitz (66). When they got there, they found a only a couple thousand prisoners there that were still alive (67). The Germans tried to get rid of any evidence by burning down some of the building, but they did not do a very good job of it (68). When the soviets arrived, there was an overwhelming sense of murder (69). The soviets found about 800,000 women's clothes, hundreds of thousands of men's suits and 14,000 pounds of hair (70). The German soldiers had to flee, in which they were forced to leave and the surviving prisoners in the camp (71). They also had found 600 dead bodies of prisoners that had been shot by the SS or from harsh conditions they experienced (72). Many of the prisoners were taken to the hospital once they were freed (73). Those who were sick were taken to the hospital would possibly stay there for months at a time (74). They had to be introduced to normal eating habits little at a time (75). Some of the nurses would find bread stored underneath mattresses because they did not think that they would get anymore food for awhile (76). The children the were liberated were sent off to Orphanages or children's homes (77).Only a handful of kids were reunited with their family (78).
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Auschwitz survivor tells her story

U.S Liberation of the Camps


Although the US did not liberate Auschwitz, they did liberate Dachau and Buchenwald (79). Dachau was liberated on April 29, 1945(80). As the troops neared closer to the camp, they found about 30 railroad card filled with dead bodies (81). Two days before the liberation, the Germans sent the Dachau prisoners out on a death march(82). The next day, the Germans left the camp with 30,000 surviving prisoners still in there(83). Not all the guards had left though(84). The US troops had a quick battle before they were able to take over Dachau(85). Records show that the main camp held 160,000 prisoners through the years that it was opened and its sub camps held about 90,000 prisoners(86).


On April 11, 1945, The US Forces Liberated the Main Camp of Buchenwald and its subcamps(87). In anticipation of being free, the prisoners seized the camp(88). There they discovered 21,000 prisoners that were still still alive(89). They discovered that the camp had no gas chambers yet many people died from hunger and harsh conditions(90). On the day of the liberation, there was an under ground organization that took control of the camp to prevent atrocities by the camp guards that were fleeing(91). In all, the SS murdered 56,000 people(92). 11,000 of them were Jewish(93).

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