The American Revolutionary War

Karley Tenberg A4

Important Battles

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The battles began in the morning of April 19, 1777. At Lexington, the first battle, it is unsure of who shot first. Yet the militia knew that the Regulators (the British) were coming due to the infamous Midnight Ride. The battle of Lexington killed only seven minutemen. The totals of British numbers from the battles of Lexington and Concord were, “73 British soldiers had been killed and 174 wounded; 26 were missing” [Lexington and Concord]. As blood was shed, the divide between the colonists and the British was rapidly growing. The Americans had inflicted a slight sense of fear in the British. As Lord Percy, the man who marched the British back to Boston after the defeat at Lexington and Concord, wrote back to London, “"Whoever looks upon them [THE REBELS] as an irregular mob will be much mistaken." [Lexington and Concord]. Due to the bloodshed at Lexington and Concord, there seemed to be a sense of nationality that swept the nation. An idea that the colonists didn’t need to rely on Britain as much as they had.

Battle One and Two of Saratoga

The battle began on September 19, 1777 and ended on October 17, 1777. Due to the colonists aggressive fighting and determined militia, the British lost two of their soldiers for every American that was killed. Furthermore, with the injury of Benedict Arnold, the British soon retreated, giving the Americans the victory. It was the colonists victory, such as this one, that lead to the French supplying aid to the colonies. [Battle of Saratoga]

Battle of Yorktown

The battle began on September 28, 1781. With falsified information and an army camp built to sustain the size of the American Army, George Washington began his deception, knowing that General Cornwallis was in Yorktown, he was able to make a plan of attack. This included creating a false plan for the Americans, complete with bread ovens baking to ensure the realism of preparations. Meanwhile, the Americans marched towards Yorktown, the French sealing off the harbour. Eventually, on October 17, 1781, the British surrendered to the Americans. With that surrender, America was on its own. [Battle of Yorktown]

Significant Events

The First Continental Congress

The first Continental Congress met from September 5 to October 26, 1774. A representative was sent from each colony, except Georgia, and they met in Carpenter’s Hall in Philidelphia. During that time, it was determined that the King and Parliament needed to know about the issues and grievances within the colony through proper representation. This was one of the first times that the colonies had come together for the greater good of the nation as a whole. From this point forwards, the colonies acted more and more like a single nation than individual entities. [First Continental Congress, 1995].

The Drafting of the Declaration of Independence

The committee in charge of the Declaration of Independence worked from June 11 to July 5, 1776. While Thomas Jefferson was credited with writing the Declaration of Independence, the committee as a whole oversaw the creation of the document. Those on the committee were: Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Robert Livingston. It took seventeen days for Jefferson to write the document, and at the end of those days, it was presented to the Continental Congress where it changed history. [Drafting the Declaration].

Thomas Paine's Common Sense

Common Sense was published on January 10, 1776. He put his ideas into a language that was easy for the colonists to understand. This was a successful tactic because, by April, there were more than 120,000 copies in circulation around the colonies. His message was simple, the colonies needed to gain independence from England and create a democratic republic. [Thomas Paine’s Common Sense].

Intervention of important individuals or groups contributing to the outcome

George Washington

On June 18, 1775, George Washington was elected by the Continental Congress to lead the Continental Army. As written in a letter to his wife upon the matter George Washington states, “ I have used every endeavor in my power to avoid it, not only from my unwillingness to part with you and the Family, but from a consciousness of its being a trust too great for my capacity and that I should enjoy more real happiness and felicity in one month with you..” [George Washington, 1775]. Even though he was apprehensive to join the cause, he won over the support of the American people. While his victories may have been few, it was his tactics that helped win the war. He supported the troops in a guerilla-style warfare which helped balance out the odds of the colonists against the British. [Continental Army].

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson’s main contribution to the American Revolution was his writing of the Declaration of Independence. The process took him seventeen days, with only one rough draft. Originally, he was going to return home and write the Virginia State Constitution, but he was appointed to a committee of five people to write the Declaration of Independence. That became his defining role in the Revolutionary War. [Thomas Jefferson].

Paul Revere

Paul Revere’s biggest contribution to the American Revolution was his midnight ride. While he wasn’t immediately recognized for his ride, it was quite helpful for the colonists. Due to the help of himself and a few others, the militias were ready for the British at Lexington and Concord. The Midnight Ride was made famous by Wadsworth Longfellow's 1861 poem. [Paul Revere].

Samuel Adams

Sam Adams was a large patriot during the American Revolution. He was highly invested in the rights of the colonies. While he may not have been the richest man in the colonies, his determined spirit helped empower those around him for revolution. [Samuel Adams].
Big image

Guerrilla Warfare

During the revolution, the colonists used guerrilla warfare as a tactic. This allowed the militias to stay out of a direct line of fire with the British. Due to this, they were able to reduce their amount of casualties compared to the normal style of fighting at the time. An example of this is at Lexington and Concord, the militia was out in the open when they received most of their casualties and using guerilla style warfare when they inflicted the most British casualties. [American Revolution].

Works Cited

American Revolution Reinvents Guerrilla Warfare. (2013). Retrieved September 19,

2015, from


Battle Of Saratoga - Sept & Oct 1777. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Battle of Yorktown begins. (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2015, from

Continental Army. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from


Drafting the Declaration of Independence. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from


First Continental Congress. (1995, July 4). Retrieved September 21, 2015, from

Lexington and Concord. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Paul Revere. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Samuel Adams. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Thomas JeffersonDeclaration of Independence: Right to Institute New Government.

(n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Thomas Paine's Common Sense. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from

Washington, G. (1775, June 18). Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 1 AUGUST

1774 - AUGUST 1775. Retrieved September 19, 2015, from @lit(dg001452))