1000-1700 ~History and Beyond~

Visit the past.

The time of Exploration

Coureur De Bois (1659)

Men who began to travel deep parts of early Canada did not have licences. They don't have interstate in building settlements. These men are called "coureur de bois". That means runners of the woods. Also they did not wait for First Nations to come with the furs.

New France (1627)

In New France people did not have a easy life. First Nations people taught the French settlers many survival skills. Families were generally large, with 10 or more kids. The Catholic Church was important to early settlers. There were different roles for the men, women, and children. The men cleared the land of trees and rocks and prepared the soil for planting. Woman prepared food for their husbands and children. They also learned to line clothing and boots with fur. They spun wool and wove it into fabric to make clothing. Children also worked hard, they collected firewood, pulled weeds, and gathered berries from the forest. When young girls were old enough they helped their mother prepare food. Older boys would help their father in the fields.

Henry Hudson (1609)

In 1609 Henry Hudson was chosen by dealers in the Netherlands to find a east passage to Asia. He awaited commands and supplies in Amsterdam. He was then told to sail through the Arctic ocean north west of Russia into the Pacific and to the Far East. Hudson could not complete the route because ice had blocked the passage through.

Samuel De Champlain (1603)

From 1601 to 1603 he was a geographer in the court of King Henry. As part of his job he traveled to French ports and found a lot of information on North America. His first trip to North America was while being a observer on a fur trade expedition hosted by François Gravé Du Pont. François told Champlain about navigation in North America as well as the Saint Lawrence River to help Champlain deal with the Natives there.

Jacques Cartier (1534)

On April 20, 1534 the king sent Cartier to look for a western passage to the rich markets of Asia. On May 10 on that year he searched parts of New found land. Cartier found Aboriginal peoples, who were most likely the Mi'kmaq and Iroquoians. They traded with Cartier. On July 24 he planted a 10 meter wood cross that had the words ''Long live the king of France. There he kidnapped the two sons of the chief. The chief agreed only if they returned with European goods.

Magellan (1519)

Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who who organized the Spanish expedition from the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

Fur trade (1500)

The fur trade started when John Cabot returned from England after searching the east coast of Canada. When he told everyone there was a lot of cod there, everyone went to fished. When they went to dry the fish, they met native tribes called Beothuk, Mi'kmaq and Wolastoqiyik. The natives started trading the furs they had for things like iron goods the fishers had brought them. This is how the fur trade started.

John Cabot (1497)

In 1497 John Cabot went on a voyage on his ship the Matthew. There were about 20 people on board. The Matthew left Bristol sometime in May 1497. Cabot was back in Bristol on 6 August, after a 15 day return crossing. This means that he explored the region for about a month.

Christopher Columbus (1492)

Columbus led his three ships out of the Spanish port on August 3rd 1492. His goal was to sail until he reached Asia/West Indies. Where many resources like gold, pearls and spices were. He stopped at Canary Islands where he left his expedition becalmed until September 6. Once his boat started moving again he advanced from the smooth seas and steady winds that nudged him westward.

Prince Henry (1419)

In 1419, Prince Henry the Navigator started the first school for ocean navigation with an astronomical observatory in Sagres, Portugal. In this school, thepeople were trained to navigate and make maps and science in order to sail down the west of Africa.

Vikings (1000)

The Vikings, also known as the Norse, sailed west across the Alantic Ocean. During their journey they colonized in many different places, such as Iceland and Greenland. They were known as raiders and pillagers. They came from Scandinavia, Norway, and Denmark. They raided people because they needed money and resources.

The creators of this flyer

Below is some videos!

Henry Hudson - Explorer's Hall of Fame Project
The Vikings! - Crash Course World History 224
Samuel de Champlain
Ferdinand Magellan - Trinity Prep Explorer Hall of Fame
Columbus Day - Learning about Christopher Columbus
Coureur de Bois
History of New France
Beaver Pelt Trade
The Life of John Cabot
Prince Henry the Navigator 1