social emotional development

birth age 2


from birth children differ in temperament or the ways that they react to their environment.

temperament refers to the quality and intensity of emotional reactions. children also differ in their level of irritability or tendency to feel distress. some infants cry easily. they may be difficult to comfort, even if you hold them and try to soothe them there are some infants who rarely cry.these infants do not let changes bother them as much.


attachment is the strong emotional connection that develop between people. most infants become attached to a small group of people early life. they manly become attached to small group of people in early life they mainly become attached to the people who care for them.

included may be mothers, fathers, caregivers or older siblings. they learn that whenever they are wet hungry or frighten they depend on the caregiver

changes over time.


newborns do not have very refined emotions. general excitement and general distress are the only emotions shown. observing a child at this stage, you may notice that there are no tears when the child cries.


by three months, most children respond to people with smiles and laughter. they may make happy sounds as adults play with, hold, or feed them. early in this stage, tears begin to appear. latter, children start to use different cries to signal different types of distress.


infants become actively involved with there care givers. they express more feelings like happiness joy and surprise when the adults play with them and care for them. they also make sounds in response to speech of others. infants begin to develop fear. if care giver ever leaves or abandon them infants may show anger or cry. separation anxiety starts to show. as a result a child may start crying and clinging upon entering the center. when you try to take the child away form the parent the child may push you away. after the parent leaves the child may continue to cry. most children, however, will stop crying within a few minutes. this behavior may continue until 14-16 month of age.


in this stage children may still show separation anxiety, they also show anxiety. they become upset because of something they think will happen in the future the child will cling on to the parent who will be leaving soon. the children become more exploring. they still fear unfamiliar,they are curious about new places and objects, 4-6. child who are secure are more likely to explore. children who feel unsure are more likely not to be interested in exploring . children who are becoming self-aware like to say no. children start becoming more aware of there own abilities at this point self-awareness is a source of joy and anger for children. toddlers are proud and happy when they can do things for themselves. however, sometimes they insist on doing things for themselves that they cant do yet.