The Legislative Branch

Options in Jobs and how they do there job

  • Senate and the House of Representative.
  • Together they are the people that are in charge of making laws. The laws are written, talked about, and voted on in the Congress.
  • The Senate is made up of 100 representatives 2 from each states and is elected every 6 year.
  • The House of Representatives is made up of no more than 435 people and is elected every 2 years.(1)

Delegated Powers of the Congress

  • making laws

  • collecting taxes

  • trade between

  • change coin value

  • declare war

  • borrows money for the USA

Implied Powers of the Congress

  • powers to incorporate a national bank

  • power to create military power

  • to spend money for dredging rivers and harbors for the construction and maintenance of highways, roads, airports, etc

  • to spend money for education, social security, and national health insurance, etc

  • to regulate and assist agriculture

  • to spend money for the U.S. treasury for financial assistance to the states and local communities in their performance of state and local functions

What you do as a senate?

The main job of the Senate is

  • to write and vote on new laws that are called bills.
  • Another part of being the Senate is helping people in the state that you represent with problems that they have with the Federal Government. (3)

People you'll work with

Other important people you'll work with in the Senate


  1. You need to be at the least 30 years old
  2. You need to be a U.S. citizen for 7 years or more
  3. You need to be currently living in the state well the election is going on (2)

What you'll do in the House of Represenatatives

The House of Representatives

  • start new laws that make people pay taxes.
  • The House also has to decide if the Government Officials should be put on trial in front of the Senate if they have committed a crime against the country. (11)

Main People of the House of Representatives you'll work with


  1. You have to be 25 years of age
  2. You have to be a citizen of the U.S. for 7 years
  3. You have to be a current member of the state (2)

What's the Difference?

  1. The House can initiate revenue bills and the Senate gives advice and consent to the treaties
  2. The House is made up of 435 people (with two-year terms), well the Senate is made up of 100 (with six-year terms)
  3. Bills are introduced in The House by the Speaker and in the Senate, the bills are introduced by the majority leader (10)

The process of how a bill becomes a law

  1. All laws start out as an idea. These ideas come from special interest groups, the president, members of the Congress, and regular citizens of the country
  2. Next the idea has to be written down and explained. The first draft is called the Bill. Then the Bill needs a member of the congress to sponsor the law.
  3. Then the sponsors presents the bill to either the Senate or The House. After being introduced the bill will be given a number and officially recorded as a bill.
  4. After being introduced, the bill is then sent to "the committee". The committee is a small part of Congress that are experts on the area of the bill.
  5. If the bill starts at the House then the bill will first go to the House for approval, where it will then it will be discussed by the representatives and debated.
  6. Then the Senate will go through the same process as The House did. After they have debated and discussed the bill they will vote on it.
  7. After the Senate and The House discuss this the last step is to have the president sign the bill. Then the bill will become an official law.
  8. The president can decide not to sign a bill (this is called a veto). If the Senate and the House want to override the veto, both of the Senate and the House have to get 2/3 majority vote though.
  9. The president has 10 days to sign the bill and make it a law. If they don't the two following things can happen
-If Congress is in session then it can become a law

-If Congress is not in session then it will be considered vetoed (this is called a pocket veto)