Greek Gods and Goddess'

By: Vinh + 1

Zeus

Zeus was the King of all the Greek Gods that existed. Zeus lived on Mount Olympus. This great God had the power to control the sky and thunder.

The Story

Zeus was the sixth child of the Gods Cronus and Rhea. Cronus was worried that his children would become too powerful, so he ate his first five children. They did not die, but they couldn't get out of his stomach either! When Rhea had Zeus, she hid him from Cronus and Zeus was raised in the forest by Nymphs.

When Zeus grew older he wanted to rescue his brothers and sisters. He got a special potion and disguised himself so that Cronus would not recognise him. When Cronus drank the potion, he coughed up his five children.

Cronus and the Titans became angry and battled Zeus and his brothers and sisters for years. Zeus asked the giants and Cyclopes of Earth to help him fight and they gave the Olympians weapons to fight the Titans. The Titans surrendered and Zeus had them locked deep underground.

Mother Earth then became angry with Zeus for locking the Titans underground. She sent the world's most fearsome monster called the Typhon to fight the Olympians. The other Olympians ran and hid, but not Zeus. Zeus fought the Typhon and trapped him under Mount Etna.

Now Zeus was the most powerful of all the gods. He and his fellow gods went to live on Mount Olympus. There Zeus married Hera and ruled over the gods and humans.

Festivals

  • The Games were held to honour Zeus and his deeds.

Athena

Athena is the goddess of war and cunning wisdom. She is also the goddess of pot-making and wool-working. She invented the chariot, the bridle and built the first ship. The olive tree is sacred to her.

The Story

Athena was the goddess of wisdom and military victory, and also the patron of the city of Athens. She was Hercules' half-sister. Her parents were Zeus and Metis, a nymph. Zeus heard a prophecy that the child Metis had after she gave birth to Athena would become the lord of heaven, so, to prevent this from happening, he swallowed Metis while she pregnant with Athena.


When the time came for Athena to be born, the smith god, Hephaestus, opened Zeus' head with an axe, and Athena stepped out, in full armor. The birth of Athena was a favorite topic of Greek vase painters.


Athena often helped heroes, like Perseus. She wore an aegis, a goatskin shield which had a fringe of snakes. When Perseus killed the gorgon Medusa, whose face turned men to stone, he gave the gorgon head to Athena, and the goddess placed it on her aegis.


When Hercules went mad and killed his children, Athena stopped the disaster from getting worse. Just as the insane hero turned to kill Amphitryon, Athena threw a stone at Hercules, knocking him unconscious, so his mortal father was spared. Athena also helped Hercules at many points during his Labors. She provided him with the krotala he used to scare the Stymphalian Birds, and she carried the apples back to the garden of the Hesperides.

Poseidon

Poseidon was the God of Sea, Horses and Earthquakes. He was the brother of Zeus and Hades. He was also given control over water, both fresh or salt.
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The Story

Poseidon was the son of Cronus, the titan God who swallowed Poseidon and his brothers and sisters whole. Though Poseidon pursued and raped many women, he was married to the water nymph Amphitrite. Their son was the god Triton.

Poseidon's sway over horses began when he pursued Demeter, the goddess of nature. She turned into a mare to flee him and he, in turn, became a stallion to chase her.

Hades

Hades is the lord of the dead and ruler of the nether world.

The Story

When the sons of Cronus divided the world amongst each other, Hades was given the underworld, while his brothers Zeus and Poseidon took the upper-world and the sea respectively. For a while Hades ruled the underworld together with Persephone, whom he had abducted from the upperworld, but Zeus ordered him to release Persephone back into the care of her mother Demeter. However, before she left he gave her a pomegranate and when she ate it, it made her bound to the underworld forever.

Hecules

Hercules is a Demigod (or semigod) meaning he was part God and part human. His father was Zeus. He had the power over bravery, strength and determination.

The Story

Hercules was a great Greek hero who was half human and half God. His father was a famous Greek God, Zeus. At first, Hercules was not considered a God, but because of his bravery and heroic deeds, he was finally given a place amongst gods.


Hercules had immense strength when he was little. Once he saved his twin brother from two snakes. The snakes were put in the crib by Hercules’ stepmother, Hera. As he grew older, he became an exceptionally strong young man. He learned his lessons from best Greek teachers. He mastered the art of wrestling, riding the chariot, the art of war and shoot a bow and arrow. The only lessons that he found difficult were music lessons.

By the time Hercules turned eighteen, he stood out amongst his peers. He had many superior weapons and war materials that had been awarded to him by some of the most powerful Gods.


They gifted him a mighty bow and arrows, an indestructible sword, a powerful club, strong horses with great stamina, a truly special breastplate that was golden and a perfect robe to cloak his body beneath. With the help of all these wonderful weapons, Hercules was well prepared to face his enemy.

He went on to become a powerful warrior and a hero saving people from trouble.