Current Issues in Monsoon Asia

By: Sindhoora Ponnam and Jessica Le (Humanities 1B)

India's Overpopulation Leads to Environmental Impact

This article discussed how large population growth has led to several issues in India including increasing poverty, unemployment, and shortage of food. Most importantly in my opinion, the article also focused on environmental impacts as a primary issue which affects not only the people living in India but also our planet. As India’s population continues to increase, more jobs are needed to sustain the population, resulting in the numerous openings of new factories. Because these factories need energy in order to operate, an abundant amount of fossil fuels are burnt. These industrial emissions heavily contributes to two current issues: global warming and air pollution. Because India is known as an agrarian country, climate and temperature play an important role in the economy. With global warming, the temperature of the Earth is gradually increasing, creating a risk for farmers who solely depend on their crops for money. Furthermore, air pollution is another environmental threat in India. Although many people believe that trees will help reduce air pollution through photosynthesis, as the population of India continues to increase, people are beginning to cut down trees to use the wood in order to make enough houses and fuel industries. As a result, the large growing population of India has impacted the country environmentally, causing air pollution, global warming, and deforestation.

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Cause-and-Effects of Pollution in the Ganges River

Causes of Pollution in the Ganges River:

  • 1 billion liters of raw untreated sewage are dumped in their river daily.
  • Thousands of dead bodies are released in the bank of the river.
  • Hundreds of living yet unwanted babies or cattle are dumped into the river for religious reasons.
  • Industries dump vasts amounts of toxins and chemical wastes which eventually ends up in the Ganges River.

Effects of Pollution in the Ganges River:

  • Pilgrims, who identify the Ganges River as the holiest river, and millions of Indian citizens are used to sipping and bathing in the water of the Ganges River. If they continue to do so, this may be hazardous to their health.
  • This River is the leading cause of infant and child mortality rates.
  • The polluted water creates skin problems and serious disabilities.
  • The Yamuna River, which is the main contributor of the Ganges River, has been drained of water and sea life for years.
  • Ganges River Dolphins are harmed and gradually dying off due to water pollution.

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Outsourcing in India

India has been a very big hotspot for jobs to be outsourced to these days, because of its extremely large population and cheap labor costs. Although many nations have gone through their industrial revolution, India is yet to be one of them, because seventy percent of its population lives in rural areas. Farming is a sustainable job, but for many farmers in India, this job has been the root cause of poverty, so companies thought why not bring jobs and opportunities to the rural areas of India. This way India's poverty level will go down, and many people will be able to support their family incredibly well. Rural India used to be a weight on India's shoulders, but now companies are looking at it as a pool of untapped potential.
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India's Women and Water Crisis

The water resources of India are quickly depleting, and as a result of this depletion many women are being strongly effected, because women around the country travel by foot to reach a viable water source that can keep their families hydrated for the day. According to the article, all of these women collectively, have covered 64,000 times more distance than the distance between the moon and Earth just for the cause of finding drinking water. Also, as water sources are becoming more scarce, many of the good water sources are becoming contaminated, and only a small percent of rural Indians have access to a facility that can treat water. Therefore, the water scarcity in India is effecting thousands of women who spend most of their life walking for water.
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Violence Against Women in India

Over time in India, women's rights have decreased by a lot, and the loss of women's rights has contributed to violence against women all over the country. Many factors including, caste, type of society, class, and religion have added to the problem of violence against women. In the patriarchal society of India, women have become submissive, and they have forgotten the rights they deserve to have. If the government becomes more sympathetic to this issue and women in India band together to fight against this problem, a solution will become clearer.
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