The History Of The Computer

Timmy Lawson-Tancred

Alan Turing

In 1936 Alan Turing had a dream. A dream that there would be a machine. Not just any machine though, a machine that could THINK. In the war he worked on the enigma breaking machine colossus and this played huge part in winning the war. After he worked on artificial intelligence (AL). He had a vision that one day there would be computer that could do this. He sadly committed suicide by biting a cyanide apple and there is a theory that the huge company 'Apple' is recognising him for this.

The World Wide Web

In the 1980s a man named Tim Berners-Lee created one of the most vital things in the modern world; the world wide web. He worked at CERN (The European Organization for Nuclear Research). He suffered from information overload and wanted to organise the documentation. So he invented the internet which linked documents across linked computers. It was all free yet there were certain rules as followed:
  • Every bit of information to have an address

  • Computers to follow a standard protocol

  • Common language used

Input And Output

In every computer there has to be input and output. For example 'input' could be typing or clicking with a mouse. Output could be a printer. They also had to process in the middle and store the information.

The Parts Of The Computer


RAM or random access memory is a type of computer memory that can be accessed randomly. RAM is the most common type of memory found in computers and other devices, such as printers.
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This holds many parts such as the CPU and lots of the memory chips. This is the main board found inside a computer. It judges input and output.
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Sometimes when the motherboard is processing it gets hot and overheats. Here we could put a fan in to cool down the motherboard and keep everything running smoothly.
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Hard Drive

The hard drive is a memory storage piece that uses magnets to record information. It looks a bit like an old fashioned record player and that is because it is the same concept of saving and reading information. There is also a solid-state drive which is a bit like the RAM.
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The central processing unit is essentially the brains of the computer. It carries out tasks by doing mathematical equations and logic. It arose in the 1960s and has been popular ever since.
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Graphics Card

The graphics card is what makes things look better. There are some expensive but top quality cards from some companies. These generally are bought by gamers looking for a better experience. These also need fans sometimes.
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Quick Test

What Does RAM Stand For?

A. Random Access Moments

B. Real Awesome Memories

C. Random Access Memory

Who Created The World Wide Web?

A. Alan Turner

B. Alan Turing

C. Tim Berners-Lee

Which Of These Is NOT In The Input Output Process

A. Display

B. Storage

C. Output

ANSWERS: 1 = C, 2 = B, 3 = A

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