European Union

Ali Ozymy, Sarah Cenicerous, Whitney Walker

The European Union

The European union is a group of 27 countries that have an economic and political relationship, designed to create stability. It was established after World War II, in the late 1940s. The six original states were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.

Flag of the European Union

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Map of the 27 Member Countries

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How it Works

Watch this video to get a brief history of the EU, and see how their government system works!

How the EU works

Creation of the European Union

After World War II, there were many countries that needed some form of economic stability. The European Union was created in an effort to help these countries recover from the War, and grow stronger economically and eventually, politically. The idea behind the creation of the European Union encourage stronger trade relationships in Europe. When these countries interact economically, they begin to relate more politically as well, creating a stronger political unit in Europe.
A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement

European Union Progress

Since the EU was created, conditions in its member countries has substantially improved. The EU has created a stable economy, and allowed for the infrastructure in these countries to improve. Overall the EU has created a more stable, safer place to live and work in Europe, by uniting the member countries. With a consistent currency (the euro) and no more border control, the member countries can work together to have a prosperous economy and lifestyle.

Increase in Secondary Education

Over the last few years (as seen in the benchmark) there has been an increase of young people pursuing their education in Europe.

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Increase in GDP

Over the last several years, European countries have seen a major increase in GDP, indicating a more stable economy.

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Decrease in Crime

Since the formation of the European Union, there has been an overall decrease in the number of crimes committed.

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Global Impact

The goal of the European Union was to encourage democracy, and human rights in not only the 27 member countries, but everywhere around the world. Since it was created, the EU has been promoting human values and the spread of democracy around the world.

Comparing NAFTA, Mercosur, and the European Union


The EU is a transitional government, so the polices are forced on its members, whereas NAFTA in just an agreement, and only involves one policy (of free-trade). The EU has one currency, while NAFTA does not force its members to use only one currency. Borders have become almost nonexistent in the the EU, and immigration and emigration are allowed. NAFTA does not regulate border control. Basically, the EU acts as more of a government, and has more control over its members, while NAFTA is simple a free-trade agreement.


Though these 3 groups have differences, they are also alike in many ways. The overall objective of all of these groups is to allow for easy movement of goods and services, by eliminating trade barriers and tariffs. By unifying different countries in a similar area, each of these groups has tremendously benefited their member countries. Each of these groups, NAFTA, Mercosur, and the EU, have created a more stable economy, and even unified some political beliefs of their member countries.

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Essential Question

How has the European Union impacted economic and political stability for each of its member countries?

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