Marijuana

By: Dawson Pehowski, and Chris Sopper

What is Marijuana?

Marijuana is a mixture of dried and shredded leaves, stems, and seeds. These different parts of the plant come from the cannabis plant. Marijuana contains more than 500 different chemicals the chemical that marijuana is know for is THC this chemical is responsible for the mind-altering effects. The amount of THC in marijuana has increased over the past few decades. Since 1990 to 2013 the amount of THC in marijuana has in creased by 6.26%. The amount of THC in marijuana will keep increasing over time. There is a honey like resin from the marijuana plant it is called hash oil, it contains 3 to 5 times more THC then the marijuana plant itself. If someone smokes hash oil it can deliver dangerous amounts of THC. (NIDA For Teens)
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Fig 1. This picture shows a marijuana leaf before it is processed. (NIDA for Teens)

How is Marijuana used in medicine?

Medical marijuana refers to unprocessed marijuana to treat diseases or symptoms. Medical marijuana is not yet approved by the FDA. The FDA has approved a cannabis in a pill form. Since marijuana has a lot of chemicals that can treat illnesses or symptoms people argue that medical marijuana should be legal in all 50 states. Medical marijuana is already legal in a number of state. Your body produces its own cannabinoids chemicals. They play a role in memory, thinks, concentration, body movement, awareness of time, pain, and the senses.(NIH)
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Fig 2. This is a picture of medical marijuana. (watchdog.org)

What is the tolerance/ withdraw/ overdose of Marijuana?

It is not possible to overdose on marijuana and die but they can experience extreme anxiety or psychotic reactions. When people use marijuana they can and do injure themselves because of marijuana's affects on judgment, perception, and coordination. If someone was to drive under the influence of marijuana then they can injure themselves or others. Marijuana is dangerous because marijuana tar contains about 50% higher concentration of chemical linked to lung cancer. Marijuana deposited four times more tar in the lungs than smoking the same amount of tobacco. (NIDA)

How is Marijuana administered?

Marijuana is normally smoked in glass pipes called bongs or smoked in hand rolled cigarettes called joints. It can also be mixed in with food mot commonly known is brownies and can also be brewed with tea.(NIDA For Teens)
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Fig 3. This picture is one way that marijuana is used. (www.solacesabah.com)

What are the physical and psychological effects of marijuana?

Some of the psychological effects of marijuana are that it can effect your mood and give you mood swings. and effect your memory so you will be forgetful. Most people who have used marijuana have reported a loss of short term memories. Marijuana can also effect your reception of time and your coordinated movement. Marijuana can also cause an increased heart rate and horrible respiratory problems. The biggest thing that it is is a gateway drug. That means that once you start using this you could be tempted to try other drugs.(NIDA For Teens)
Effects of cannabis on the teenage brain NCPIC + Turning Point
Natanal cannabis prevention and information centre. Effects of cannabis on the
teenage brain NCPIC + Turning Point. youtube.com. N.p., 18 Aug. 2014. Web.
8 Apr. 2016.

How long do the effects last?

How long the effects last really depends on how you administer it. You are most likely not going to get the same high you do when smoking marijuana than you are when you eat it mixed in with a food. This is because the marijuana smoke would effect your body more than eating it because the smoke from the marijuana is going into your lungs and into your bloodstream fairly quick where as if you eat it the marijuana is not getting into your bloodstream as fast. (NIDA For Teens)

What are the laws or social concerns about Marijuana?

Most states still have marijuana as an illegal substance but many states have opened up the door for it to be used medically.

What support systems exist for those addicted to Marijuana?

Some support systems that exits for marijuana use disorder are different types of therapy. One type of therapy is cognitive- behavioral therapy: A form of psychotherapy that teaches people strategies to identify and correct problematic behavior in order to stop drug use. Another therapy is contingency management: A therapeutic management approach based on frequent monitoring of the target behavior. The last therapy opption is motivational enhancement therapy: A systematic form of intervention designed to produce rapid, internally motivated changes. Currently we have no medication for the treatment of Marijuana use disorder. (NIH)

Work cited

"Available Treatments for Marijuana Use Disorders." NIH. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar.
2016. <https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/
available-treatments-marijuana-use-disorders>


"Drug Facts Chat Day: Marijuana." NIDA for Teens. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2016.
<http://teens.drugabuse.gov/national-drug-alcohol-facts-week/
drug-facts-chat-day-marijuana>.


"Marijuana" ["Marijuana"]. NIDA For teens. government, 15 Mar. 2014. Web. 23
Mar. 2016. <http://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/marijuana>.


"Marijuana Use Disorder Is Cmmon and Often Untreated." Marijuana Use Disorder Is
Common and Often Untreated. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Sirs Researcher. Web. 25 Mar.
2016. <http://sks.sirs.com/cgi-bin/
hst-article-display?id=SNH80845-0-4435&artno=0000380208&type=ART&shfilter=U&key=M
arijuana&title=Marijuana%20Use%20Disorder%20Is%20Common%20and%20Often%20Untreated
&res=Y&ren=N&gov=Y&lnk=Y&ic=NMarijuana>.



"What Is Medical Marijuana?" Drug Facts. NIH, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2016.
<https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana-medicine>

"What You Should Know about Marijuana." Rosen Digital: n. pag. Teen Heath and
Wellness. Web. 25 Mar. 2016. <http://www.teenhealthandwellness.com/
article/223?search=marijuana>.