By: Lindsey Wallace, Neha Purandare, Julia Sircar (Period 6)

Origins of the Religion:


  • Adam married Hagar, who bore Ishmael, were banished into the Arabian desert and settled in Makkah.
  • Ishmael's descendent, Muhammad, became prophet of Islam

Basic Religious Beliefs:

The Five Pillars of Faith

  1. There is no God worthy of worship except the one God and Muhammad is the messenger of God.
  2. Muslims must pray 5 times a day facing Makkah.
  3. A Muslim must give generously to charity.
  4. A Muslim must fast during Ramadan.
  5. If physically and financially able, a Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Makkah.

Classification of Religion:

  • Universalizing

Branches or divisions of Religion:

  • Sunni (Orthodox)
  • Shiite (Secretarian)

Geographic Distribution

How the Religion Diffused

  • Hearth in Makkah -> Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Egypt and Persia -> N. & W. Africa -> Europe -> India -> S.E. Asia
  • Hierarchal and Relocation Diffusion

Holy Place

  • Makkah
  • Medina
  • Jerusalem
  • Karbala
  • al-Haram al-Sharif

Where it is practiced today:

  • Majority is in Asia (including the Middle East, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh), and Africa (mainly Egypt and Nigeria)

Number of Followers:

  • 1.8 Billion

Distribution of Followers Map:

Big image

Unique Features:

Key Figures and Important People:

  • Adam (First person on Earth)
  • Abraham
  • Hagar (Who bore Ishmael)
  • Muhammad (Prophet of Islam)

Holy Texts:

  • The Quran

Religious Symbols:

  • al-Ka'ba (A cube covered in silk that stands in the center of the Great Mosque)
  • The Ka'aba (A black stone given by Gabriel to show a covanent)
  • Allah

Place of Worship:

  • Mosques

Impact on Social and Family Structures:

  • Men are superior
  • Women must stay at home and work around the household
  • Women are not permitted to work or be educated

Impact on Cultural beliefs and expectations:

  • Serve God by cultivating land, building new settlements, etc
  • Humans are representatives of God and their actions must reflect the attributes of God through their deeds.

What is Islam? Explanation of the religion of Islam.

Essential Question:

How does the Islamic belief that men are superior impact Muslims' perspective of other cultures?

Works Cited


"Islamic Sacred Sites and Places - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <

Islam, the teachings of. "History of Islam." Barkati.Net. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <>.

Agosta, Laurissa. "Spread Of Islam."Upload & Share PowerPoint presentations and documents. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <>.


Rubenstein, James M.. An introduction to human geography: the cultural landscape. 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.


"What is Islam? Explanation of the religion of Islam. - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2012. <>.