By: Lindsey Wallace, Neha Purandare, Julia Sircar (Period 6)
Origins of the Religion:
- Adam married Hagar, who bore Ishmael, were banished into the Arabian desert and settled in Makkah.
- Ishmael's descendent, Muhammad, became prophet of Islam
Basic Religious Beliefs:
The Five Pillars of Faith
- There is no God worthy of worship except the one God and Muhammad is the messenger of God.
- Muslims must pray 5 times a day facing Makkah.
- A Muslim must give generously to charity.
- A Muslim must fast during Ramadan.
- If physically and financially able, a Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Makkah.
Classification of Religion:
Branches or divisions of Religion:
- Sunni (Orthodox)
- Shiite (Secretarian)
- Hearth in Makkah -> Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Egypt and Persia -> N. & W. Africa -> Europe -> India -> S.E. Asia
- Hierarchal and Relocation Diffusion
- al-Haram al-Sharif
Where it is practiced today:
- Majority is in Asia (including the Middle East, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh), and Africa (mainly Egypt and Nigeria)
Number of Followers:
- 1.8 Billion
Distribution of Followers Map:
- Adam (First person on Earth)
- Hagar (Who bore Ishmael)
- Muhammad (Prophet of Islam)
- The Quran
- al-Ka'ba (A cube covered in silk that stands in the center of the Great Mosque)
- The Ka'aba (A black stone given by Gabriel to show a covanent)
Place of Worship:
Impact on Social and Family Structures:
- Men are superior
- Women must stay at home and work around the household
- Women are not permitted to work or be educated
Impact on Cultural beliefs and expectations:
- Serve God by cultivating land, building new settlements, etc
- Humans are representatives of God and their actions must reflect the attributes of God through their deeds.
How does the Islamic belief that men are superior impact Muslims' perspective of other cultures?
"Islamic Sacred Sites and Places - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/places
Islam, the teachings of. "History of Islam." Barkati.Net. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.barkati.net/english/#01>.
Agosta, Laurissa. "Spread Of Islam."Upload & Share PowerPoint presentations and documents. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.slideshare.net/agosta/spread-of-islam#btnNext>.
Rubenstein, James M.. An introduction to human geography: the cultural landscape. 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.
"What is Islam? Explanation of the religion of Islam. - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63yKQZeLr4k>.