In the early 1940’s, scientist Norbert Wiener was assigned a role in the study of flight patterns that pilots followed when taking evasive action. The goal of Wiener’s research was to find a pattern in the flight paths so he could predict their future actions (which would aid the war effort, especially for anti-aircraft operators). His results were not very effective for the war, but they did allow him to come up with some general theories that he built upon throughout the decade. Wiener came upon the conclusion that any even in history can be represented by time-series data, a concept that history will repeat itself based off of exterior stimulus. In 1948 Wiener wrote a book called Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. It built upon his previous findings and laid out a new field in science that studies the connection between man, the mind, and machine. It is considered to be one of the foundations for modern artificial intelligence.