1920's

The Roaring Twenties

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Table of Contents

Nativism ------------------------------- pg 1

Politics ---------------------------------- pg 2

Court Cases --------------------------- pg 3

Scopes Monkey Trail -------------- pg 4

Jazz Age --------------------------------- pg 5

Letter to the Editor ---------------- pg 6

Political Cartoon & Analysis --- pg 7

Nativism

Nativism was the discrimination of immigrants based on the fact that they were not from America. In the 1920's nativism rose to be an enormous issue. Immigrants faced violence and cruelty from Americans, especially when the Klu Klux Klan was formed. The K.K.K. was a group of terrorists who believed in white supremacy and heavily opposed immigration to America. The Klan believed that they were "purifying" America by killing innocent immigrants.
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Politics

Political events of 1920 - the treat of communism, fascism, and socialism were upon the society. Former president Warren G. Harding in 1920 won the general election in a landslide, promising a “return to normalcy” after the hardships of World War I. He favored pro-business politics and limited immigration.

The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the US from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of Harding.

The Kellogg-Briand Peace act was an international agreement made in 1928 in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve disputes or conflicts.

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Court Cases

Schenck v. United States – the United States Supreme Court decision concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I. The Palmer Raids were a series of raids by the US department of justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. the Red Scare is a promotion of fear of a potential rise on communism.and lastly Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were italian born who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery.

Scopes Monkey Trail

John Scopes was a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, who was charged on May 5, 1925 for violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which prohibited the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools. Clarence Darrow was a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform, William Jennings Bryan was a politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party. the outcome of the scopes monkey trail ends with guilty verdict john scopes.
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Jazz Age

Jazz music influenced all aspects of society. Jazz, poetry, fashion, and industry were affected by the “basement” music that amazed the United States. Jazz music also exacerbated the racial tensions. New Orleans was the originator for the jazz age music, starting in the late 1900’s and the early twenties. By 1920 New Orleans musicians had already spent years spreading the “New Orleans sound” throughout the nation.
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Cartoon Analysis

Nativism - The people holding the signs symbolize those who were discriminated agains and want change. The facial expressions of the group are exaggerated to show how angry they are that they're treated differently than natives., The irony of this cartoon is that these men did not actually rebel, instead just kept their heads down and didn't speak up.


Politics - the cake's candles symbolize bombs blowing up in the Kellogg-Briand Peace act's face. The label of the cake says "The Kellogg-Briand Peace act", yet on each candle is a specific year of war. The irony of this cartoon is the peace act cake was supposed to benefit the nations by getting rid of war, but inn reality it did not change that there were still many wars since the act was signed.