Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis is

TB is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.

Can TB Spread

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.

Symptoms

  • chronic or persistent cough and sputum production,and If the disease is at an advanced stage the sputum will contain blood
  • factual
  • lack of appetite
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • night sweats

Tuberculosis Treatment

TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT

Treatment for TB depends on whether it is active or latent.


Latent TB Infection

If you have TB but don't have the active disease, your doctor will go over your risk factors for developing active TB and will discuss treatment options. An antibiotic called Isoniazid is often prescribed to help prevent the dormant infection from becoming active.

Whats Interesting About Tuberculosis

About 80% of reported TB cases occurred in 22 countries in 2014. TB occurs in every part of the world. 58% of new TB cases occurred in in the South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions in 2014. Africa carries the most severe burden, with 281 cases per 100 000 population in 2014 (compared with a global average of 133).