How one becomes a citizen

Qualification of Naturalization

Naturalization is the process of a non-citizen from a different country becoming a U.S. citizen. In order to become one though the person has to go through qualification for citizenship. To be qualified the person must be:

  • 18 years old
  • A lawful permanent resident of the United States
  • Resident and physically present in the United States for at least five years at the time of application
  • Of good moral character

Application for Naturalization

  • Complete Form N-400, Application for Naturalization
  • Get two photographs of your person that meet immigration service requirements (pose, size, lighting, etc.)
  • Collect the necessary documents
  • Send the application, documents and fee ($320 application fee/$70 biometric fee for fingerprinting as of August 2004) to the appropriate Service Center

Finally, the person will take an Oath of Allegiance

These are the steps:

  • Receive a ceremony date
  • Check in at the ceremony
  • Return your Permanent Resident Card
  • Answer questions about what you have been doing since your interview
  • Take the oath of allegiance

After the Oath of Allegiance, it will be the end of the Naturalization process. At this point the person would be a legal citizen.