Current issue project

Water resource issues

HAITI - does a history of inability affect a country's development?

Haiti was the first Caribbean state to achieve independence and the only nation in world history born of a successful slave revolt. With a population of 9.8 million people, it is one of the poorest countries in the world due to decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, and political instability. Half the population in Haiti lives on $1.25 a day. The Spanish settled on the island and then ceded the west and central sides to the French in 1697. There was a heavy importation of slaves from western Africa, and the colony became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean. In the late 18th century, Haiti’s 500,000 slaves revolted and started a rebellion. Under the leadership of Toussaint L’Ouverture, they were able to overthrow the colonial government and declare independence in 1804. Since its independence, however, Haiti has been plagued by instability and dictatorships, And lack of foreign investment contributes to the declining economic situation of the country.

WATER IN HAITI - What would you do to improve water access in Haiti?

Haiti ranks at the absolute bottom of the International Water Poverty Index, a british index to examine water access, environmental sustainability and the states of general living conditions. five different criteria is used to construct the index: resource, access, use, capacity, and environment. A lack of alternative energy also forces many Haitians to cut down trees to make charcoal. deforestation contributes to water shortages because rainwater pours off the land and into the ocean, instead of getting trapped in a tree’s roots and staying in the soil. This leaves many lakes empty. Since January 2010, when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Port-au-Prince and left 1.5 million people displaced from their homes, Concern launched an immediate, large-scale emergency response within 48 hours of the disaster. Since then, Concern has been providing access to clean water and sanitation to over 75,000 people living in camps.