All About Diabetes

By: Melissa Callahan

What is diabetes? What are the signs and symptoms? What is the first aid steps? How do you prevent it?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.

Signs and symptoms are frequent urination, always thirsty, always hungry, extreme fatigue, blurry vision, cuts and bruises that slowly heel, weight loss (type 1), tingling, pain, or numbness in hands and feet (type 2).

The first aid is very easy. If they are unconscious, support the patient on their side, call 9-1-1, and wait for an ambulance. If they are conscious, give them some sugar.

It's easy to prevent type 2 diabetes, but you can't prevent type 1. To prevent type 2, exercise, get plenty of fiber, whole grains, lose extra weight, and make healthy choices.

Where I got my information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-prevention/art-20047639?pg=2

https://www.stjohn.org.nz/first-aid/first-aid-library/diabetes/

http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/symptoms/

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/