Corrupt Government in South Aftrica
By Elizabeth Gratton
Campaign of Defiance
This campaign was instituted by the African National Congress (ANC). It was organized to defy apartheid, the system of racial segregation put in place in 1948 by South Africa's governing National Party. Normally, those who opposed apartheid we given small fines, whereas most members of the ANC demanded trials to voice their complaints. Members of the ANC practiced peace and offered no violence or restance to arrest. The Defiance Campaign began a movement. Finally, after thousands of deaths and imprisonments, the movement prevailed. Nelson Mandela, a key member of the ANC, became president in 1994, after being set free from a 27 year imprisonment. With Mandela's presidency, thousands of blacks were freed and imbued with hope.