Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a war between the thirteen colonies and the British it started in 1765 and ended 1783. Some causes of the war were that the British made the colonies pay large amount of taxes from war dept. The also made lots of unfair rules . The colonies did not like that they had all the power . The colonies had to unite this time to fight against them . One policy was the Tea act . The Tea Act was when the British put a tax on tea , but it actually made the tea cheaper than it was . It still made the colonies mad because they still had power over them. I think the colonist were justified with declaring independence with England they had more freedom.
The purpose of the Navigation Acts was to put mercantilism into actual practice . This act started in 1650 and it only allowed trade with English or Colonial ships. They had certain rules to follow , like they had to go to England before they went to different empires .The impact of the Navigation Act was manufacturing and increasing resentment against the Mother Country.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the French and Indian War . King George was the one who issued this Proclamation he did so it would have no conflicts with the natives because after the Pontiac's Rebellion The British won. But the Native Americans still had high expectations. This Proclamation made colonist stay West of the Appalachian Mountains. This made the colonist angry.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act taxed anything that was on paper which required colonist to buy a stamp , or seal , for paper products . The stamp Act was created to raise funds and pay dept from the French and Indian War. Samuel Adams started a group called the Committees of Correspondence which got colonist to fight. He also started another group called the Sons of Liberty to protest against the British . Then the Stamp Acts Congress was created to talk about the taxes.
The Quartering Act was after the Stamp Act. The British sent troops to keep the Colonies in order. The Quartering Act was when colonist had to take in any British soldiers and take care of them for free . This costed colonist lots of money because they had to feed and get them whatever they needed. One major issue was that colonist lost rights over their property and Writs of Assistance was also a big deal because British had the right to go into their house without any reason . They had blank warrants that they could just write the persons name on there.
The Townshend Act was when the British taxed lots of things that the colonist used quite often like glass, tea , and paper. They did this to pay for the military costs due to the Quartering Act. The Daughters of Liberty was a group of Women that protest against this act. They protested by instead of buying the British cloth they made their own . After the Townshend Acts were repealed the British government left a tax on tea to show that they still had power over the colonies. Samuel Adams and his group called the Sons of Liberty were violent and would attack tax collectors after they left the tax on tea.
On March 5 , 1770 the Boston Massacre occurred due to all of the unfair laws the British put on the colonist. One night a group of colonist were arguing, throwing snowballs at a British soldier . They started to yell insults and more British soldiers started to arrive and then a mob formed. Then a soldier fired at a colonist. 5 of the colonist died that night. Samuel Adams used the name "Boston Massacre" to make people notice and make the soldiers worst. Thought , his cousin , John Adams, represented the British soldiers he did this to show that all citizens had a fair trial by jury .
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act in 1773 was when the British East India Company was the only company to sell tea to the colonies . This made it like Monopoly over the tea . The colonist did not like this even though it made the tea cheaper than it usually was . The Daughters of Liberty made their own tea to show efforts of boycott. On December 16 , 1773 Some of the people from the Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and Got on ships and dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. After that the British government was very angry.
Coercive Act (Intolerable Acts)
After the Tea Act the British were very mad. British Prime Master Lord North made the Parliament to pass laws . The colonist called this act the Intolerable Act because of how harsh it was. This act made the colonist pay for tea and make sure no other attacks were planned. Four laws that were passed were , there could be no town meetings , Britain had no control of the colonies , it stopped trade between Boston and Britain , and it also strengthened the Quartering Act. This largely impacted the colonies economy and it also started revolutionary spirit through the colonies.