SEVERE EARTHQUAKES

Save your life by following the rules.

Hazards that Earthquakes create

Ground Shaking - Main earthquake danger is the effect of the ground shaking, depending on the strength of the earthquake buildings can be damaged or can collapse.


Tsunami - Depending on the strength of the earthquake a tsunami can be created. Tsunami’s are large waves of water which have the strength to destroy any buildings in it’s way along with pulling people and animals in.


Landslides & Rockfalls - Due to ground shaking, earthquakes can damage cliffs and steep slopes, causing landslides and rockfalls as a dangerous side effect.


Liquefaction - “Liquefaction occurs when waterlogged sediments are agitated by seismic shaking. This separates the grains from each other, reducing their load bearing capacity. Buildings and other structures can sink down into the ground or tilt over, whilst underground pipes and tanks may rise up to the surface.” -gns.cri.nz


Aftershocks - An aftershock is another mini earthquake after the main one has occurred. Aftershocks may strike after hours, days and even months later after the main earthquake.

Survival Advice

Before:

  1. Make sure you have a battery-operated radio at all times.

  2. Always have an exit route with a back-up prepared.

  3. Know how to turn off your gas and water mains.

  4. Secure all heavy furnitures, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor.

  5. Always have spare canned foods incase they can’t supply with fresh foods.


During:

  1. STAY CALM!!!

  2. stay indoors and cover your head with a soft object in which it can protect you.

  3. if you’re driving stay out of traffic areas, stop and get out. Avoid parking under bridges and stay clear from trees, light posts, signs and power lines. Incase you decide to keep driving stay away from road hazards.

  4. If you’re outside, go to the open areas meaning that you’re in an area where there are no buildings, power lines or anything that would be able to fall on top of you.


After:

  1. Make sure to always listen to the radio for important instructions and information that will be provided by your local government.

  2. Be aware of your local surroundings, because most items would of been destroyed depending on the strength of the earthquake and they will fall down to the ground. Always check for cracks and damages on your roof and the foundation and get them fixed right away!

  3. Check yourself and others for injuries and provide them with first aid immediately.

  4. Stay away from beaches in case a tsunami occurs.

Top 3 Survival Tips

  1. Make sure to always listen to the radio for important instructions and information that will be provided by your local government.
  2. Always have an exit route with a back up prepared.
  3. Stay Indoors and cover your head with a soft object in which it can protect you.

Reasons to Why you should follow these rules

Unless you want to die during a natural disaster, it’s probably the best to follow these rules.