Ghana is located in west africa and began in the year 1062 CE. Everyone ask how did the Ghana Kingdom be so wealthy ? Well , Ghana is basiclly located on a gold mine so they used that to trade for thousands of years. Ghana was ruled by kings and their religions was mostly muslim.
Mali was surrounded by goldfields and other profitable goods too trade. The Mali Kingdom was built in 13 CE. Mali also had Muslim as their religion . Mali had Empoers so thats what their government system was built on .
The Songhai Kindom was built in the 13 CE. This kingdom was once apart of the Mali Kingdom until they got independece in 1430. Songhai created the Sunni Dynasty. Their religion was Islam. Their government was a Monarchy kind of government