The Red Panda

Louisa Morgan

Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Ailuridae

Genus: Ailurus

Species: Fulgens

Common Name: Red Panda

Other Name(s): Lesser Panda, Fire Fox

Size and Weight

Size: Head + Body = 20 to 26 inches, Tail = 12 to 20 inches

Weight: 12 to 20 pounds

Habitat

  • Himalayan mountains, mountains of Nepal, northern Burma, and central China
  • Temperate mountain forests at altitudes of 1,800 to 4,000 meters high
  • Hardwood trees with bamboo under-storey

Diet

  • Herbivores
  • Almost vegetarian, being that the majority of their food is bamboo
  • Also eat berries and grasses, acorns, grubs, mice, lizards, and chick's and bird's eggs

Social Interactions

  • Shy
  • Usually found by themselves except for when mating
  • Males have little to no interest in the babies born
  • Communicate using short whistles and squeaks as well as visual displays
  • Most active at night

Predators

  • Biggest predator is the Snow Leopard
  • Another predator is the Marten
  • Protect themselves against predators by climbing trees when threatened

Evolutionary Relationships

  • Closely related to the Giant Panda and the Raccoon

Movement

  • Strong
  • Very fast and quick on their feet
  • Excellent climbers

Conservation Status

  • Endangered
  • Less than 3,000 left in the world!
  • Biggest threat is the loss of their habitat (deforestation)
  • Protected in Appendix 2 of the Conservation of the International Trade in Threatened and Endangered Species