Albert Einstein


birth and early years

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879. When he was 5 he was given a compass as a gift from his Father, every night he would stare at it always pointing north. When he was 10 he was given books on Math, Science and, Philosophy to get smarter. In Catholic elementary school he only got better in sum subject.


The Einstein family is the family of the physicist Albert Einstein 1879–1955. Einstein's great-great-great-great-grandfather, Jakob Weil, was his oldest recorded relative, born around the turn of the 18th century, and the family continues to this day. Albert Einstein's great-great-grandfather, Lob Moses Sontheimer 1745–1831, was also the grandfather of the prominent tenor Heinrich Sontheim 1820–1912 of Stuttgart. Albert's three children were from his relationship with his first wife, Mileva Marić, his daughter Lieserl being born a year before they married. Albert Einstein's second wife was Elsa Einstein, whose mother Fanny Koch was the sister of Albert's mother, and whose father Rudolf Einstein was the son of Raphael Einstein, a brother of Albert's paternal grandfather. Thus Albert and Elsa were first cousins through their mothers and second cousins through their fathers

Middle Years

Albert Einstein graduated High School in 1896 from Swiss Polytechnic University.He attempts to get out of his last year of high school by taking an entrance exam to ETH, the Swiss Polytechnic University in Zurich. He fails the test, forcing him to attend one final year of high school in the small town of Aarau, Switzerland, instead. In June 1902, Einstein received the letter he’d been impatiently waiting for: a positive answer regarding his application to be a technical assistant - level III at the federal patent office in Bern. One month later he was examining inventions applications for patentability at his famous lectern in room 86, on the third floor of the building on the corner of the Speichergasse and the Genfergasse. The director at the time, Friedrich Haller, was a strict boss. However, Einstein appreciated his superior’s tough-but-benevolent and logical-but-uncompromising character which seemed to stimulate Einstein’s natural critical tendency

Miracle year

Over four months, March through June 1905, Albert Einstein produced four papers that revolutionized science. One explained how to measure the size of molecules in a liquid, a second posited how to determine their movement, and a third described how light comes in packets called photons—the foundation of quantum physics and the idea that eventually won him the Nobel Prize. A fourth paper introduced special relativity, leading physicists to reconsider notions of space and time that had sufficed since the dawn of civilization. Then, a few months later, almost as an afterthought, Einstein pointed out in a fifth paper that matter and energy can be interchangeable at the atomic level specifically, that E=mc2

Nobel Prize Award

Albert Einstein received his Nobel Prize one year later in 1922. During the selection process in 1921 the Nobel Committee for Physics decided that none of the year's nominations met the criteria as outlined in the will of Alfred Nobel. According to the Nobel Foundation's statutes.The Nobel Prize can in such a case be reserved until the following year, and this statute was then applied. Albert Einstein therefore received his Nobel Prize for 1921 one year later, in 1922.
Albert Einstein The Nobel Prize in Physics 1921