Types of Mining

Tyler Jones, Michael Lippincott, JD Yak


The process of drilling into the ground and putting fluids at high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas inside the rocks.


Surface Mining

Surface mining is a method used to mine coal that is near the surface of the earth.


subsurface mining

Digging shafts or tunnels under ground to reach ore deposits.


Examples of surface mining

Different examples of surface mining are strip, open pit, and mountain top removal.

Strip mining is the practice of mining a seam of mineral, by first removing a long strip solid and rock.

Open pit refers to a method of extracting rock and minerals from the earth through their removal from an open pit or borrow.

Mountain top removal is a form of coal mining that uses explosives to blast off the top of mountains.

The effects of all of these examples of surface mining is the environment that is used to dig on is destroyed and can not be used again.


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Examples of Subsurface Mining

The different types of subsurface mining includes slope, drift, and shaft.

Slope subsurface mining is a method of accessing material, such as coal or ore.


Drift subsurface mining is the mining of an ore deposit using underground methods, or the working of coal seams accessed by adits driven into the surface of the coal. This happens in a drift mine which is tunnels underground.


Shaft subsurface mining refers to the method of making a vertical tunnel from the top down into the ground, where there is no access from the bottom.


This effect that this has on the environment is the area surround these processes can be unusable for anything after. These process can also cause damage to water pipes and other things.