Neo-Freudian Perspective

Brianna Wilson

Karen Horney

Karen Horney was born on September 16, 1885 in Blankenese and died on December 4, 1952 in New York City. She was a German psychoanalyst who practiced in the United States. Her theories questioned some traditional Freudian views. Karen was famous for significant contributions to humanism, self-psychology, psychoanalysis, and feminine psychology.

Carl Jung

Carl Jung was born July 26, 1875, in Switzerland and died June 6, 1961, also in Switzerland. He rejected Freud's assertion that human behavior is directed by sex and aggression. Jung developed the concepts of extraversion and introversion, archetypes, and the collective unconscious.

Alfred Adler

Adler was born on February 7, 1870 in Austria and died on May 28,1937 in the United Kingdom. Alfred Adler agreed with Freud that early childhood but he thought social tensions were more important than sexual tensions. He also believed psychological problems were the result of feelings of inferiority.

4 Jungian Archetypes

  1. Anima/Animus- the feminine side every male has/ the maleness side every woman has.
  2. Self- signifying the unification of consciousness and unconsciousness in a person, and representing the psyche as a whole.
  3. Shadow- unconscious aspect of the personality which the conscious ego does not identify itself.
  4. Persona- the social face a person presents to the world.

Inferiority and Superiority complexes

Inferiority complex is a condition that comes from being unable to compensate for normal inferiority feelings.

Superiority complex is a psychological defense mechanism in which a person's feelings of superiority counter or conceal his or her feelings of inferiority.

  • The person who has superiority complex usually claims that his opinion is always better than others and that he’s more important than his peers.

Neo-Freudian psychoanalysis

Freud's data is developed from a small number of upper class patients or from self-analysis.

Theory is not testable- lack of operational definitions and no way to measure results.

Many psychoanalytic concepts are impossible to disprove because even contradictory information can be used to support Freud's theory.